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Towards a more realistic, cost effective and greener ground movement through active routing: a multi-objective shortest path approach

Chen, Jun; Weiszer, Michal; Locatelli, Giorgio; Ravizza, Stefan; Atkin, Jason A.; Stewart, Paul; Burke, Edmund

Authors

Jun Chen

Michal Weiszer

Giorgio Locatelli

Stefan Ravizza

Paul Stewart

Edmund Burke



Abstract

Based on the multi-objective optimal speed profile generation framework for unimpeded taxiing aircraft presented in the precursor paper, this paper deals with how to seamlessly integrate such optimal speed profiles into a holistic decision making framework. The availability of a set of non-dominated unimpeded speed profiles for each taxiway segment with respect to conflicting objectives can significantly change the current airport ground movement research. More specifically, the routing and scheduling function that was previously based on distance, emphasizing time efficiency, could now be based on richer information embedded within speed profiles, such as the taxiing times along segments, the corresponding fuel consumption, and the associated economic implications. The economic implications are exploited over a day of operation to take into account cost differences between busier and quieter times of the airport. Therefore, the most cost-effective and tailored decision can be made, respecting the environmental impact. Preliminary results based on the proposed approach are promising and show a 9%–50% reduction in time and fuel respectively for two international airports, viz. Zurich and Manchester Airports. The study also suggests that, if the average power setting during the acceleration phase could be lifted from the level suggested by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), ground operations may achieve the best of both worlds, simultaneously improving both time and fuel efficiency. Now might be the time to move away from the conventional distance based routing and scheduling to a more comprehensive framework, capturing the multi-facetted needs of all stakeholders involved in airport ground operations.

Citation

Chen, J., Weiszer, M., Locatelli, G., Ravizza, S., Atkin, J. A., Stewart, P., & Burke, E. (2016). Towards a more realistic, cost effective and greener ground movement through active routing: a multi-objective shortest path approach. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 17(12), https://doi.org/10.1109/TITS.2016.2587619

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 1, 2016
Online Publication Date Oct 31, 2016
Publication Date Dec 1, 2016
Deposit Date Feb 2, 2017
Publicly Available Date Feb 2, 2017
Journal IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Print ISSN 1524-9050
Electronic ISSN 1524-9050
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 17
Issue 12
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/TITS.2016.2587619
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40265
Publisher URL http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7726055/
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information 2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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