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Colonic response to laxative ingestion as assessed by MRI differs in constipated irritable bowel syndrome compared to functional constipation

Lam, C.; Chaddock, G.; Marciani, L.; Costigan, C.; Paul, J.; Cox, E.; Hoad, Caroline; Menys, A.; Pritchard, Susan E.; Garsed, K.; Taylor, S.; Atkinson, D.; Gowland, Penny A.; Spiller, Robin C.

Colonic response to laxative ingestion as assessed by MRI differs in constipated irritable bowel syndrome compared to functional constipation Thumbnail


Authors

C. Lam

G. Chaddock

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LUCA MARCIANI LUCA.MARCIANI@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Gastrointestinal Imaging

C. Costigan

J. Paul

E. Cox

CAROLINE HOAD CAROLINE.L.HOAD@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Senior Research Fellow

A. Menys

Susan E. Pritchard

K. Garsed

S. Taylor

D. Atkinson

Penny A. Gowland

Robin C. Spiller



Abstract

Background

Functional constipation (FC) and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C) share many symptoms but underlying mechanisms may be different. We have developed a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique to measure intestinal volumes, transit, and motility in response to a laxative, Moviprep®. We aim to use these biomarkers to study the pathophysiology in IBS-C and FC.
Methods

Twenty-four FC and 24 IBS-C were studied. Transit was assessed using the weighted average position score (WAPS) of five MRI marker pills, taken 24 h before MRI scanning. Following baseline scan, participants ingested 1 L of Moviprep® followed by hourly scans. Magnetic resonance imaging parameters and bowel symptoms were scored from 0 to 4 h.
Key Results

Weighted average position score for FC was 3.6 (2.5–4.2), significantly greater than IBS-C at 2.0 (1.5–3.2), p = 0.01, indicating slower transit for FC. Functional constipation showed greater fasting small bowel water content, 83 (63–142) mL vs 39 (15–70) mL in IBS-C, p < 0.01 and greater ascending colon volume (AC), 314 (101) mL vs 226 (71) mL in IBS-C, p < 0.01. FC motility index was lower at 0.055 (0.044) compared to IBS-C, 0.107 (0.070), p < 0.01. Time to first bowel movement following ingestion of Moviprep® was greater for FC, being 295 (116–526) min, compared to IBS-C at 84 (49–111) min, p < 0.01, and correlated with AC volume 2 h after Moviprep®, r = 0.44, p < 0.01. Using a cut-off >230 min distinguishes FC from IBS-C with low sensitivity of 55% but high specificity of 95%.
Conclusion & Inferences

Our objective MRI biomarkers allow a distinction between FC and IBS-C.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 18, 2015
Online Publication Date Feb 12, 2016
Publication Date Jun 1, 2016
Deposit Date Jan 3, 2017
Publicly Available Date Jan 3, 2017
Journal Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Print ISSN 1350-1925
Electronic ISSN 1365-2982
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 28
Issue 6
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.12784
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/787154
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nmo.12784/abstract;

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