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The challenges of implementing ADHD clinical guidelines and research best evidence in routine clinical care settings: a Delphi survey and mixed-methods study

Hall, Charlotte L.; Taylor, John A.; Newell, Karen; Baldwin, Laurence; Sayal, Kapil; Hollis, Chris

The challenges of implementing ADHD clinical guidelines and research best evidence in routine clinical care settings: a Delphi survey and mixed-methods study Thumbnail


Authors

John A. Taylor

Karen Newell

Laurence Baldwin

KAPIL SAYAL kapil.sayal@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

CHRIS HOLLIS chris.hollis@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Digital Mental Health



Abstract

Background:The landmark US Multimodal Treatment of ADHD (MTA) study established the benefits of individualised medication titration and optimisation strategies to improve short- to medium-term outcomes in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This individualised medication management approach was subsequently incorporated into the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) ADHD Clinical Guidelines (NICE CG78). However, little is known about clinicians’ attitudes towards implementing these medication management strategies for ADHD in routine care.
Aims: To examine National Health Service (NHS) healthcare professionals’ consensus on ADHD medication management strategies.
Method :Using the Delphi method, we examined perceptions on the importance and feasibility of implementing 103 ADHD treatment statements from sources including the UK NICE ADHD guidelines and US medication management algorithms.
Results: Certain recommendations for ADHD medication management were judged as important and feasible to implement, including a stepwise titration of stimulant medication. Other recommendations were perceived as important but not feasible to implement in routine practice, such as weekly clinic follow-up with the family during titration and collection of follow-up symptom questionnaires.
Conclusions :Many of the key guideline recommendations for ADHD medication management are viewed by clinicians as important and feasible to implement. However, some recommendations present significant implementation challenges within the context of routine NHS clinical care in England.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 13, 2015
Online Publication Date Jan 2, 2018
Publication Date Jan 20, 2016
Deposit Date Jan 28, 2016
Publicly Available Date Jan 28, 2016
Journal BJPsych open
Electronic ISSN 2056-4724
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Issue 1
Pages 25-31
DOI https://doi.org/10.1192/bjpo.bp.115.002386
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/772068
Publisher URL https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/bjpsych-open/article/challenges-of-implementing-adhd-clinical-guidelines-and-research-best-evidence-in-routine-clinical-care-settings-delphi-survey-and-mixedmethods-study/9A267EF92D7B8B4AD65CD41E3D8EC92B

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