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Examination of England's New Medicine Service (NMS) of complex health care interventions in community pharmacy

Latif, Asam; Waring, Justin; Watmough, Deborah; Barber, Nick; Chuter, Anthony; Davies, James; Salema, Nde-Eshimuni; Boyd, Matthew J.; Elliott, Rachel A.

Authors

Asam Latif

Justin Waring justin.waring@nottingham.ac.uk

Deborah Watmough

Nick Barber

Anthony Chuter

James Davies

Rachel A. Elliott



Abstract

Background

Community pharmacies are increasingly commissioned to deliver new, complex health interventions in response to the growing demands on family doctors and secondary health care services. Little is known about how these complex interventions are being accommodated and translated into the community pharmacy setting and whether their aims and objectives are realized in practice. The New Medicine Service (NMS) is a complex medicine management intervention that aims to support patients’ adherence to newly prescribed medicines for a long-term condition.

Objective

This study explores the recent implementation of the NMS in community pharmacies across England. It also seeks to understand how the service is becoming manifest in practice and what lessons can be learned for future service implementation.

Methods

Structured, organizational ethnographic observations and in situ workplace interviews with pharmacists and support staff were undertaken within 23 English community pharmacies. Additionally, one-toone, semi-structured interviews were carried out with 47 community pharmacists and 11 general practitioners (GPs). Observational and interview data were transcribed and analysed thematically and guided by Damschroder’s consolidated framework for implementation research.
Results

The NMS workload had been implemented and absorbed into pharmacists’ daily routines alongside existing responsibilities with no extra resources and little evidence of reduction in other responsibilities. Pharmacists were pragmatic, simplifying, and adapting the NMS to facilitate its delivery and using discretion to circumvent perceived non-essential paperwork. Pharmacist understanding of the NMS was found to impact on what they believed should be achieved from the service. Despite pharmacists holding positive views about the value of the NMS, not all were convinced of its perceived benefits and necessity, with reports that many consultations did not identify any problems with the patients’ medicines. GPs were generally supportive of the initiative but were unaware of the service or potential benefits. Poorly developed existing pharmacist-GP relationships impeded implementation.

Conclusions

This study identifies the multifaceted and complex processes involved in implementing a new community pharmacy service in England. Community pharmacy workflow, infrastructure, and public and professional relationships all affect NMS implementation. Greater prior engagement with the pharmacy workforce and GPs, robust piloting and a phased rollout together with ongoing support and updates, are potentials strategies to ensure future implementation of pharmacy services meet their intended aims in practice.

Citation

Latif, A., Waring, J., Watmough, D., Barber, N., Chuter, A., Davies, J., …Elliott, R. A. (2016). Examination of England's New Medicine Service (NMS) of complex health care interventions in community pharmacy. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 12(6), 966-989. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2015.12.007

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 29, 2015
Publication Date 2016-11
Deposit Date Jul 26, 2016
Publicly Available Date Nov 30, 2016
Journal Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy
Print ISSN 1551-7411
Electronic ISSN 1934-8150
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 6
Pages 966-989
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2015.12.007
Keywords New Medicine Service (NMS) ; Complex intervention ; Implementation research ; Community pharmacy
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/35337
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1551741115002818
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Examination of England's New Medicine Service (NMS) of complex health care interventions in community pharmacy; Journal Title: Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2015.12.007; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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