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Velocity measurements in the vicinity of the exit and inlet of a spiral bevel gear shroud

Simmons, Kathy; Johnson, Graham


Graham Johnson


In many aeroengines the accessory power offtake is achieved using a spiral bevel gear set running off one of the main shafts. The crown and bevel gears are housed in an internal gearbox. Over the past few years the Nottingham University Technology Centre (UTC) in Gas Turbine Transmission Systems has researched flow near spiral bevel gears both computationally and experimentally using a purpose-built test rig. In the current investigation the rig was configured with a Trent crown gear and slightly modified shroud covering the full 360° of the gear. No external containment chamber was fitted and all testing was conducted single-phase (air only) at 5,000 rpm. Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) was used to obtain the three components of flow velocity at a shroud exit slot and at shroud inlet. A 2D system was utilised and thus two measurements were required at each point to give the 3 velocity components.

The LDA technique enabled detailed mapping of flow features over the chosen regions, which included areas very near the shroud surfaces. Data was obtained over two measurement regions:

1) a volume mapping the air “jet” exiting the shroud exit slot at top dead centre (TDC) and

2) an area capturing the flow structures local to the shroud inlet.

Combined the results form an excellent set of high quality, detailed, 3-component flow data for direct use in validating CFD models and/or to define CFD boundary conditions.

At the shroud exit slot the maximum velocity measured was 46.2 m/s with the jet velocity dispersing over the measurement volume such that by 26 mm from slot plane the maximum velocity was less than 20 m/s. The jet angle was found to be only 16° off perpendicular azimuthally and 22° down from perpendicular. Data from the top 5 slots shows good similarity indicating the detailed data for the TDC slot is probably applicable to all slots.

Air entering the shroud comes down the shroud face and up the rotating end face of the gear shaft. The azimuthal velocity component at shroud inlet was around 20 m/s; this is of the order of 50% of the maximum linear shaft surface speed. Within 3 mm of the rotating gear face the azimuthal velocity is less than 1 m/s. Detailed measurements were obtained only at one angular location but sufficient additional measurements were obtained to determine that for the purposes of CFD validation the results can be considered representative.


Simmons, K., & Johnson, G. (2015). Velocity measurements in the vicinity of the exit and inlet of a spiral bevel gear shroud. In Volume 5C: Heat Transferdoi:10.1115/GT2015-43549

Conference Name ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
End Date Jun 19, 2015
Acceptance Date Jun 1, 2015
Publication Date Jun 19, 2015
Deposit Date Jul 27, 2016
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Book Title Volume 5C: Heat Transfer
Keywords Velocity measurement, Spiral bevel gears
Public URL
Publisher URL
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address:
Additional Information From: ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition Volume 5C: Heat Transfer Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 15–19, 2015 Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute ISBN: 978-0-7918-5673-4 Copyright © 2015 by Rolls-Royce plc