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Charge-swapping q balls

Copeland, Edmund J.; Saffin, Paul M.; Zhou, Shuang Yong

Authors

Shuang Yong Zhou



Abstract

© 2014 American Physical Society. Q balls are nontopological solitonic solutions to a wide class of field theories that possess global symmetries. Here we show that in these same theories there also exists a tower of novel composite Q-ball solutions where, within one composite Q ball, positive and negative charges coexist and swap at a frequency lower than the natural frequency of an individual Q ball. These charge-swapping Q balls are constructed by assembling Q balls and anti-Q balls tightly such that their nonlinear cores overlap. We explain why charge-swapping Q balls can form and why they swap charges.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 2, 2014
Journal Physical Review Letters
Print ISSN 0031-9007
Electronic ISSN 1079-7114
Publisher American Physical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 113
Issue 23
APA6 Citation Copeland, E. J., Saffin, P. M., & Zhou, S. Y. (2014). Charge-swapping q balls. Physical Review Letters, 113(23), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.231603
DOI https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.231603
Publisher URL https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.231603
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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