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Leukotriene B4 receptor locus gene characterisation and association studies in asthma

Tulah, Asif S.; Beghé, Bianca; Barton, Sheila J.; Holloway, John W.; Sayers, Ian

Authors

Asif S. Tulah

Bianca Beghé

Sheila J. Barton

John W. Holloway

Ian Sayers



Abstract

Background: Polymorphisms spanning genes involved in the production of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) e.g. ALOX5AP and
LTA4H are associated with asthma susceptibility, suggesting a role for LTB4 in disease. The contribution of LTB4
receptor polymorphism is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to characterise the genes for the two
pivotal LTB4 receptors, LTB4R1 and LTB4R2 in lung tissue and determine if polymorphisms spanning these genes are
associated with asthma and disease severity.
Methods: Rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) was used to characterise the LTB4R1 and LTB4R2 gene structure
in lung. The LTB4R1/2 locus on chromosome 14q11.2 was screened for polymorphic variation. Six LTB4R single
nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 370 Caucasian asthma families and 299 Adult Asthma
Individuals (n=1877 total) and were evaluated for association with asthma and severity (BTS) outcome measures
using Family Based Association Test, linear regression and chi square.
Results: LTB4R1 has complex mRNA arrangement including multiple 50
-untranslated exons, suggesting additional
levels of regulation. Three potential promoter regions across the LTB4R1/2 locus were identified with some airway
cell specificity. 22 SNPs (MAF>0.01) were validated across the LTB4R locus in the Caucasian population. LTB4R1 and
LTB4R2 SNPs were not associated with asthma susceptibility, FEV1 or severity.
Conclusions: LTB4R1 and LTB4R2 shows splice variation in the 50
-untranslated region and multiple promoter
regions. The functional significance of this is yet to be determined. Both receptor genes were shown to be
polymorphic. LTB4R polymorphisms do not appear to be susceptibility markers for the development of asthma in
Caucasian subjects

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 20, 2012
Journal BMC Medical Genetics
Electronic ISSN 1471-2350
Publisher Humana Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue Novemb
Article Number 11
APA6 Citation Tulah, A. S., Beghé, B., Barton, S. J., Holloway, J. W., & Sayers, I. (2012). Leukotriene B4 receptor locus gene characterisation and association studies in asthma. BMC Medical Genetics, 13(Novemb), doi:10.1186/1471-2350-13-110
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2350-13-110
Keywords Association, Asthma, Family based association test, Leukotriene, Leukotriene B4 receptor, Severity
Publisher URL http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2350/13/110
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0





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