Structural optimization of molecular clusters with density functional theory combined with basin hopping
Do, Hainam; Besley, Nicholas A.
Nicholas A. Besley
Identifying the energy minima of molecular clusters is a challenging problem. Traditionally, search algorithms such as simulated annealing, genetic algorithms, or basin hopping are usually used in conjunction with empirical force fields. We have implemented a basin hopping search algorithm combined with density functional theory to enable the optimization of molecular clusters without the need for empirical force fields. This approach can be applied to systems where empirical potentials are not available or may not be sufficiently accurate. We illustrate the effectiveness of the method with studies on water, methanol, and water + methanol clusters as well as protonated water and methanol clusters at the B3LYP+D/6-31+G* level of theory. A new lowest energy structure for H+(H2O)7 is predicted at the B3LYP+D/6-31+G* level. In all of the protonated mixed water and methanol clusters, we find that H+ prefers to combine with methanol rather than water in the lowest-energy structures.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Physics|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Do, H., & Besley, N. A. Structural optimization of molecular clusters with density functional theory combined with basin hopping. Journal of Chemical Physics, 137(13), doi:10.1063/1.4755994|
|Keywords||density functional theory, hydrogen bonding, molecular clusters|
|Copyright Statement||Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf|
|Additional Information||Copyright 2012 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. he following article appeared in The journal of chemical physics, v. 137 (134106 and may be found at http://scitation.aip.or...37/13/10.1063/1.4755994|
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf