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Surface Wave Development during Impact Pile Driving

GKRIZI, ATHINA; Athanasopoulos-Zekkos, Adda; Woods, Richard


Adda Athanasopoulos-Zekkos

Richard Woods


Pile installation by applying an impact to the top of a pile appears to be a simple construction process but analysis of that process is complicated as it involves a source of energy, the structural member (pile), and the ground into which the pile is driven. Codes and regulatory standards suggest some basic guidance to analysis but much is still unknown. It is customary to monitor surface ground motions starting as close as 1.5 m from the pile and use the surface vibration data to interpret energy propagation. In this study, triaxial component geophones were placed on the ground surface during impact pile driving to monitor ground motion. Traditionally, researchers have assumed that the surface waves propagating from a vertical impact driven pile were Rayleigh waves and consequently, the vertical component of motion was only measured. The surface ground motion measurements obtained from this work revealed that the surface waves are not the classical Rayleigh waves that researchers have assumed so far.


GKRIZI, A., Athanasopoulos-Zekkos, A., & Woods, R. (2019). Surface Wave Development during Impact Pile Driving.

Conference Name XVII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
Conference Location Iceland, Reykjavik
Start Date Sep 1, 2019
End Date Sep 6, 2019
Acceptance Date May 1, 2019
Publication Date Sep 1, 2019
Deposit Date Jan 27, 2021
Publicly Available Date Apr 22, 2021
ISBN 978-9935-9436-1-3
Public URL
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