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Regional Brain Correlates of Beta Bursts in Health and Psychosis: A Concurrent Electroencephalography and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

Briley, Paul M; Liddle, Elizabeth B.; Simmonite, Molly; Jansen, Marije; White, Thomas P; Balain, Vijender; Palaniyappan, Lena; Bowtell, Richard; Mullinger, Karen J.; Liddle, Peter F.

Regional Brain Correlates of Beta Bursts in Health and Psychosis: A Concurrent Electroencephalography and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study Thumbnail


Paul M Briley

Molly Simmonite

Marije Jansen

Thomas P White

Vijender Balain

Lena Palaniyappan

Peter F. Liddle


Background: There is emerging evidence for abnormal beta oscillations in psychosis. Beta oscillations are likely to play a key role in the coordination of sensorimotor information that is crucial to healthy mental function. Growing evidence suggests that beta oscillations typically manifest as transient beta bursts that increase in probability following a motor response, observable as post-movement beta rebound. Evidence indicates that post-movement beta rebound is attenuated in psychosis, with greater attenuation associated with greater symptom severity and impairment. Delineating the functional role of beta bursts therefore may be key to understanding the mechanisms underlying persistent psychotic illness. Methods: We used concurrent electroencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify blood oxygen level–dependent correlates of beta bursts during the n-back working memory task and intervening rest periods in healthy control participants (n = 30) and patients with psychosis (n = 48). Results: During both task blocks and intervening rest periods, beta bursts phasically activated regions implicated in task-relevant content while suppressing currently tonically active regions. Patients showed attenuated post-movement beta rebound that was associated with persisting disorganization symptoms as well as impairments in cognition and role function. Patients also showed greater task-related reductions in overall beta burst rate and showed greater, more extensive, beta burst–related blood oxygen level–dependent activation. Conclusions: Our evidence supports a model in which beta bursts reactivate latently maintained sensorimotor information and are dysregulated and inefficient in psychosis. We propose that abnormalities in the mechanisms by which beta bursts coordinate reactivation of contextually appropriate content can manifest as disorganization, working memory deficits, and inaccurate forward models and may underlie a core deficit associated with persisting symptoms and impairment.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 22, 2020
Online Publication Date Nov 5, 2020
Publication Date 2021-12
Deposit Date Nov 17, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jan 26, 2021
Journal Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Print ISSN 2451-9022
Electronic ISSN 2451-9030
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Issue 12
Pages 1145-1156
Keywords Psychosis; concurrent EEG/fMRI; transient beta oscillations; post-motor beta rebound; working memory; persisting psychotic illness
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