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Performance of Sclerodermus brevicornis, a parasitoid of invasive longhorn beetles, when reared on rice moth larvae

Abdi, Mohamed Khadar; Jucker, Costanza; De Marchi, Beatriche; Hardy, Ian C.W.; Lupi, Daniela

Authors

Mohamed Khadar Abdi

Costanza Jucker

Beatriche De Marchi

IAN HARDY IAN.HARDY@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Associate Professor & Reader in Animalpopulation Biology

Daniela Lupi



Abstract

© 2020 The Netherlands Entomological Society Biological control efficiency can be improved by developing effective mass-rearing systems to produce large numbers of high-quality parasitoids. This study explored an alternative host for rearing Sclerodermus brevicornis (Kieffer) (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae), a potential biocontrol agent for the suppression of exotic and invasive wood-boring longhorn beetle (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) populations in the European agroforestry ecosystems. We tested larvae of the rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), as host for the parasitoid. We quantified the probability and timing of host attack and parasitism as well as reproductive success, offspring production, and the characteristics of adult offspring. As S. brevicornis is a quasi-social species (multiple females, communally produced offspring broods), we also explored the effects of varying the number of females to which individual hosts were presented, with the aim of determining the optimal female-to-host ratio. As time to host attack can be a limiting factor in S. brevicornis rearing protocols, we tested the use of adult females of another bethylid species, Goniozus legneri Gordh, to paralyse C. cephalonica larvae prior to presentation. We identified the conditions within our experiment that maximized offspring production per host and offspring production per adult female parasitoid. We found that C. cephalonica is suitable as a factitious host and, as it is considerably more straightforward for laboratory rearing than cerambycid species, it is a good candidate for adoption by future S. brevicornis mass-rearing and release programmes.

Citation

Abdi, M. K., Jucker, C., De Marchi, B., Hardy, I. C., & Lupi, D. (2020). Performance of Sclerodermus brevicornis, a parasitoid of invasive longhorn beetles, when reared on rice moth larvae. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, https://doi.org/10.1111/eea.12946

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 21, 2020
Online Publication Date Jun 4, 2020
Publication Date Jun 4, 2020
Deposit Date Mar 4, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jun 5, 2021
Journal Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Print ISSN 0013-8703
Electronic ISSN 1570-7458
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/eea.12946
Keywords Insect Science; Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/4088693
Publisher URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/eea.12946
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Abdi, M.K., Jucker, C., De Marchi, B., Hardy, I.C. and Lupi, D. (2020), Performance of Sclerodermus brevicornis, a parasitoid of invasive longhorn beetles, when reared on rice moth larvae. Entomol Exp Appl. Accepted Author Manuscript, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/eea.12946. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.