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Cognitive Management Pathways in Stroke Services (COMPASS): A qualitative investigation of key issues in relation to community stroke teams undertaking cognitive assessments

Ablewhite, Joanne; Geraghty, Jenni; das Nair, Roshan; Lincoln, Nadina; Drummond, Avril

Authors

Jenni Geraghty

ROSHAN NAIR Roshan.dasnair@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology

Nadina Lincoln

AVRIL DRUMMOND avril.drummond@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Healthcare Research



Abstract

Introduction

Cognitive problems are common after stroke and their identification and management is important for survivors, carers and clinicians. However, the appropriateness of the screening methods and ways in which results inform community clinical care have not been established. The aim of this phase of the Cognitive Management Pathways in Stroke Services study was to explore key issues to undertaking cognitive assessment, particularly in community settings.

Method

Participants recruited via local and national contacts, and from an earlier phase of the Cognitive Management Pathways in Stroke Services research, took part in face-to-face or telephone semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using framework analysis.

Findings

Twenty-one occupational therapists were recruited. Availability of cognitive tests, personal knowledge, previous experience, training, cost, time and familiarity were key factors in conducting cognitive screening assessments and interpreting results. Other factors included patient language or mood deficits, the assessment environment, lack of experience, confidence and workload.

Conclusion

There is variation in the cognitive screening of stroke survivors in the community. Screening assessments are being used by occupational therapists based on availability and familiarity, rather than evidence of their validity and sensitivity. There is also variation in the interpretation of such assessments, which has implications for clinical practice.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 9, 2019
Online Publication Date May 3, 2019
Publication Date 2019-07
Deposit Date Apr 11, 2019
Journal British Journal of Occupational Therapy
Print ISSN 0308-0226
Electronic ISSN 1477-6006
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 82
Issue 7
Pages 404-411
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0308022619841320
Keywords Occupational Therapy
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/1778909
Publisher URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0308022619841320