Plant phenotyping is the quantitative description of a plant’s physiological, biochemical and anatomical status which can be used in trait selection and helps to provide mechanisms to link underlying genetics with yield. Here, an active vision- based pipeline is presented which aims to contribute to reducing the bottleneck associated with phenotyping of architectural traits. The pipeline provides a fully automated response to photometric data acquisition and the recovery of three-dimensional (3D) models of plants without the dependency of botanical expertise, whilst ensuring a non-intrusive and non-destructive approach. Access to complete and accurate 3D models of plants supports computation of a wide variety of structural measurements. An Active Vision Cell (AVC) consisting of a camera-mounted robot arm plus combined software interface and a novel surface reconstruction algorithm is proposed. This pipeline provides a robust, flexible and accurate method for automating the 3D reconstruction of plants. The reconstruction algorithm can reduce noise and provides a promising and extendable framework for high throughput phenotyping, improving current state-of-the-art methods. Furthermore, the pipeline can be applied to any plant species or form due to the application of an active vision framework combined with the automatic selection of key parameters for surface reconstruction.
Gibbs, J., French, A., Murchie, E., Wells, D., Pound, M., & Pridmore, T. (2019). Active Vision and Surface Reconstruction for 3D Plant Shoot Modelling. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, 1-1. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCBB.2019.2896908