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Enslaved to the Trapped Data: A Cognitive Work Analysis of Medical Systematic Reviews

Knight, Ian A.; Wilson, Max L.; Brailsford, David F.; Milic-Frayling, Natasa

Authors

Ian A. Knight ian.knight1@nottingham.ac.uk

David F. Brailsford david.brailsford@nottingham.ac.uk

Natasa Milic-Frayling natasa.milic-frayling@nottingham.ac.uk

Abstract

Systematic reviews are a comprehensive and parameterised form of literature review, found in most disciplines, that involve exhaustive analyses and rigorous interpretation of prior literature. Performing systematic reviews, however, can involve repetitive and laborious work in order to reach reliable standards, especially in strictly regulated domains where the quality of acquired knowledge is of critical importance, like in evidence-based medicine. This makes tools providing computerised assistance or automation during the task attractive. However, it is unclear which aspects of this Work Task are best suited for such support. This paper describes a three-month ethnographic study and Cognitive Work Analysis of the systematic reviews performed by a medical research group. Our findings provide the basis for future work designing search tools with localised optimization and subtask automation to support specific phases of the process.

Start Date Mar 10, 2019
Publication Date Mar 14, 2019
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Pages 203-212
Book Title Proceedings of 2019 ACM SIGIR Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval (CHIIR)
ISBN 9781450360258
Institution Citation Knight, I. A., Wilson, M. L., Brailsford, D. F., & Milic-Frayling, N. (2019). Enslaved to the Trapped Data: A Cognitive Work Analysis of Medical Systematic Reviews. In Proceedings of 2019 ACM SIGIR Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval (CHIIR), 203-212. doi:10.1145/3295750.3298937
DOI https://doi.org/10.1145/3295750.3298937
Keywords Work task; Systematic review; Cognitive work analysis
Publisher URL https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3295750.3298937
Related Public URLs https://sigir.org/chiir2019/
Additional Information Published in: CHIIR '19 Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval. Pages 203-212
Glasgow, Scotland UK — March 10 - 14, 2019. ACM : New York, NY, USA ©2019

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