Naing L. Tint
An in vitro assessment of the thermoreversible PLGA-PEG-PLGA copolymer: Implications for Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty
Tint, Naing L.; Cheng, Kelvin K.W.; Dhillon, Amritpaul S.; Keane, Pearse A.; Alexander, Philip; Kennedy, David; Chau, David Y. S.; Rose, Felicity R.A.J.; Allan, Bruce D. S.
Kelvin K.W. Cheng
Amritpaul S. Dhillon
Pearse A. Keane
David Y. S. Chau
FELICITY ROSE firstname.lastname@example.org
Professor of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering
Bruce D. S. Allan
Background: To explore the use of a thermoreversible copolymer gel coating to prevent donor tissue scrolling in Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). Methods: PLGA-PEG-PLGA triblock copolymer was synthesised via ring opening polymerisation. Two formulations were fabricated and gelation properties characterised using rheological analyses. Endothelial cytotoxicity of the copolymer was assessed using a Trypan Blue exclusion assay. Thickness of the copolymer gel coating on the endothelial surface was analysed using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) (RTVue-100, Optovue Inc.). Gold nanoparticles were added to the copolymer to aid visualisation using OCT. Prevention of Descemet membrane donor scrolling was represented via a novel, in vitro, immersion of copolymer coated donor graft material. Results: Two different formulations of PLGA-PEG-PLGA copolymer were successfully fabricated and the desired peak gelling temperature of 24°C was achieved by polymer blending. Application of 20%, 30% and 40% (wt/vol) polymer concentrations resulted in a statistically significant increase in polymer thickness on the endothelium (p < 0.001). There was no detectable endothelial cytotoxicity. The polymer was easy to apply to the endothelium and prevented scrolling of the DMEK graft. Conclusion: This PLGA-PEG-PLGA thermoreversible copolymer gel could be exploited as a therapeutic aid for preventing DMEK graft scrolling.
Tint, N. L., Cheng, K. K., Dhillon, A. S., Keane, P. A., Alexander, P., Kennedy, D., …Allan, B. D. S. (2023). An in vitro assessment of the thermoreversible PLGA-PEG-PLGA copolymer: Implications for Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 51(1), 58-66. https://doi.org/10.1111/ceo.14167
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Sep 2, 2022|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 29, 2022|
|Deposit Date||Oct 6, 2022|
|Publicly Available Date||Sep 30, 2023|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Biodegradable polymers, Endothelial Keratoplasty, Descemet’s Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty, Thermoreversible, Endothelium|
This file is under embargo until Sep 30, 2023 due to copyright restrictions.