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Poor encoding of position by contrast-defined motion

Allen, Harriet A.; Ledgeway, Tim; Hess, Robert F.

Authors

Tim Ledgeway

Robert F. Hess



Abstract

Second-order (contrast-defined) motion stimuli lead to poor performance on a number of tasks, including discriminating form from motion and visual search. To investigate this deficiency, we tested the ability of human observers to monitor multiple regions for motion, to code the relative positions of shapes defined by motion, and to simultaneously encode motion direction and location. Performance with shapes from contrast-defined motion was compared with that obtained from luminance-defined (first-order) stimuli. When the position of coherent motion was uncertain, direction-discrimination thresholds were elevated similarly for both luminance-defined and contrast-defined motion, compared to when the stimulus location was known. The motion of both luminance- and contrast-defined structure can be monitored in multiple visual field locations. Only under conditions that greatly advantaged contrast-defined motion, were observers able to discriminate the positional offset of shapes defined by either type of motion. When shapes from contrast-defined and luminance-defined motion were presented under comparable conditions, the positional accuracy of contrast-defined motion was found to be poorer than its luminance-defined counterpart. These results may explain some, but possibly not all, of the deficits found previously with second-order motion.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2004
Journal Vision Research
Print ISSN 0042-6989
Electronic ISSN 1878-5646
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 44
Issue 17
APA6 Citation Allen, H. A., Ledgeway, T., & Hess, R. F. (2004). Poor encoding of position by contrast-defined motion. Vision Research, 44(17), doi:10.1016/j.visres.2004.03.025
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2004.03.025
Keywords Second-Order Motion, First-Order Motion, Position, Direction
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004269890400166X
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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