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Normed algebras of differentiable functions on compact plane sets

Dales, H.G.; Feinstein, Joel

Normed algebras of differentiable functions on compact plane sets Thumbnail


H.G. Dales


We investigate the completeness and completions of the normed algebras (D(1)(X),∥•∥) for perfect, compact plane sets X. In particular, we construct a radially self-absorbing, compact plane set X such that the normed algebra (D(1)(X),∥•∥) is not complete. This solves a question of Bland and Feinstein. We also prove that there are several classes of connected, compact plane sets X for which the completeness of (D(1)(X),∥•∥) is equivalent to the pointwise regularity of X. For example, this is true for all rectifiably connected, polynomially convex, compact plane sets with empty interior, for all star-shaped, compact plane sets, and for all Jordan arcs in ℂ.
In an earlier paper of Bland and Feinstein, the notion of an F-derivative of a function was introduced, where F is a suitable set of rectifiable paths, and with it a new family of Banach algebras D ((1))/F corresponding to the normed algebras (D(1)(X),∥•∥). In the present paper, we obtain stronger results concerning the questions when (D(1)(X),∥•∥) and D ((1))/F (X) are equal, and when the former is dense in the latter. In particular, we show that equality holds whenever X is ‘F-regular'.
An example of Bishop shows that the completion of (D(1)(X),∥•∥) need not be semisimple. We show that the completion of (D(1)(X),∥•∥) is semisimple whenever the union of all the rectifiable Jordan arcs in X is dense in X.
We prove that the character space of D(1)(X) is equal to X for all perfect, compact plane sets X, whether or not (D(1)(X),∥•∥) is complete. In particular, characters on the normed algebras (D(1)(X),∥•∥) are automatically continuous.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 1, 2010
Deposit Date Jan 28, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jan 28, 2015
Journal Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics
Print ISSN 0019-5588
Electronic ISSN 0019-5588
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 41
Issue 1
Keywords Normed algebra, differentiable functions, Banach function algebra, completions, pointwise regularity of compact plane sets
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information The final publication is available at Springer via


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