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Outputs (27)

Investigating levels of remote operation in high-level on-road autonomous vehicles using operator sequence diagrams (2024)
Journal Article

The continuing development of autonomous vehicle technology is making the presence of fully autonomous vehicles (SAE Level 5 of Driving Automation) on the road an ever more likely possibility. Similarly, regulation changes show countries are preparin... Read More about Investigating levels of remote operation in high-level on-road autonomous vehicles using operator sequence diagrams.

I, AV: A Ghost Driver Field Study Exploring the Application of Anthropomorphism in AV-Pedestrian Communication (2023)
Conference Proceeding

We employed the 'Ghost Driver' methodology to emulate an autonomous vehicle (AV) and explored pedestrians' (n=520) crossing behaviour in response to external human-machine interfaces (eHMIs). Three eHMI designs were created to replace absent pedestri... Read More about I, AV: A Ghost Driver Field Study Exploring the Application of Anthropomorphism in AV-Pedestrian Communication.

“Who’s Got the Remote Control?” Understanding Driver Distraction and Inattention in the Context of Teleoperation and the Passenger Experience (2022)
Conference Proceeding

The remote operation of automated vehicles (‘teleoperation’) has been posited as a potential solution for situations in which human intervention is required, but creates new challenges for ‘driver’ distraction and inattention. Guided by the critical... Read More about “Who’s Got the Remote Control?” Understanding Driver Distraction and Inattention in the Context of Teleoperation and the Passenger Experience.

Deriving Personas to Inform HMI Design for Future Autonomous Taxis: A Case Study on User- Requirement Elicitation (2021)
Journal Article

Automated, Mobility-as-a-Service Vehicles (AV-MaaSs) – Autonomous Taxis - are expected to offer an inexpensive, mobility-on-demand service supporting greater sustainable transportation systems, including ‘last mile’ solutions. However, to date little... Read More about Deriving Personas to Inform HMI Design for Future Autonomous Taxis: A Case Study on User- Requirement Elicitation.

Systems Theoretic Accident Model and Process (STAMP) applied to a Royal Navy Hawk jet missile simulation exercise (2018)
Journal Article

The Royal Navy uses Hawk jets to simulate sea-skimming missile attacks against vessels as part of their training regulations. To best achieve these goals, pilots of the Hawk are required to fly at approximately 50 feet above sea level to accurately m... Read More about Systems Theoretic Accident Model and Process (STAMP) applied to a Royal Navy Hawk jet missile simulation exercise.

Investigating the effect of urgency and modality of pedestrian alert warnings on driver acceptance and performance (2018)
Journal Article

Active safety systems have the potential to reduce the risk to pedestrians by warning the driver and/or taking evasive action to reduce the effects of or avoid a collision. However, current systems are limited in the range of scenarios they can addre... Read More about Investigating the effect of urgency and modality of pedestrian alert warnings on driver acceptance and performance.

Understanding the effects of peripheral vision and muscle memory on in-vehicle touchscreen interactions (2018)
Journal Article

It is important to gain a better understanding of how drivers interact with in-vehicle touchscreens to help design interfaces to minimise “eyes off road” time. The study aimed to investigate the relative effects of two interaction mechanisms (periphe... Read More about Understanding the effects of peripheral vision and muscle memory on in-vehicle touchscreen interactions.

Exploring the relationship between false alarms and driver acceptance of a pedestrian alert system during simulated driving (2017)
Presentation / Conference

n-vehicle pedestrian-alert-systems (PASs) can be prone to ‘false positive’ declarations, with the likelihood of false interventions increasing as time-to-collision (TTC) extends. A high number of false alarms can annoy drivers and lead to poor acc... Read More about Exploring the relationship between false alarms and driver acceptance of a pedestrian alert system during simulated driving.

Exploring two interaction mechanisms for in-vehicle touch screens: Peripheral Vision and Muscle Memory (2017)
Presentation / Conference

There is a need to understand how in-vehicle touchscreens can be designed to minimise “eyes off road” time. We investigated the relative effects of two mechanisms shown to be relevant to visual behaviour when driving, but previously not considered to... Read More about Exploring two interaction mechanisms for in-vehicle touch screens: Peripheral Vision and Muscle Memory.

Beyond human error taxonomies in assessment of risk in sociotechnical systems: a new paradigm with the EAST ‘broken-links’ approach (2016)
Journal Article

© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Risk assessments in Sociotechnical Systems (STS) tend to be based on error taxonomies, yet the term ‘human error’ does not sit easily with STS theories and concepts. A new break-link app... Read More about Beyond human error taxonomies in assessment of risk in sociotechnical systems: a new paradigm with the EAST ‘broken-links’ approach.

What the drivers do and do not tell you: using verbal protocol analysis to investigate driver behaviour in emergency situations (2014)
Journal Article

Although task analysis of pedestrian detection can provide us with useful insights into how a driver may behave in emergency situations, the cognitive elements of driver decision-making are less well understood. To assist in the design of future Adva... Read More about What the drivers do and do not tell you: using verbal protocol analysis to investigate driver behaviour in emergency situations.