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Outputs (61)

Associations of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness with cognitive function, self-control, and resilience in young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (2024)
Journal Article

The aim of the present study was to investigate if physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness influence cognition, self-control, and resilience in young people with ADHD. Fifty-four children with ADHD (12.8 ± 1.4 y) completed questionnaires to a... Read More about Associations of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness with cognitive function, self-control, and resilience in young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Practitioner Review: Clinical utility of the QbTest for the assessment and diagnosis of ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2023)
Journal Article

Background Several computerised cognitive tests (e.g. continuous performance test) have been developed to support the clinical assessment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Here, we appraised the evidence-base underpinning the use o... Read More about Practitioner Review: Clinical utility of the QbTest for the assessment and diagnosis of ADHD: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Patients’ experience of accessing support for tics from primary care in the UK: an online mixed-methods survey (2023)
Journal Article

Background Tics are common in children and young people and may persist into adulthood. Tics can cause challenges with social, occupational, physical, and academic functioning. The current study explores the perceptions of adults with tics and paren... Read More about Patients’ experience of accessing support for tics from primary care in the UK: an online mixed-methods survey.

Relationship between autonomic arousal and attention orienting in children and adolescents with ADHD, autism and co-occurring ADHD and autism (2023)
Journal Article

Introduction Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may be characterized by different profiles of visual attention orienting. However, there are also many inconsistent findings emerging from the literature... Read More about Relationship between autonomic arousal and attention orienting in children and adolescents with ADHD, autism and co-occurring ADHD and autism.

Home based remotely supervised tDCS in children with acquired brain injury: a feasibility study protocol (2023)
Presentation / Conference

Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common acquired brain injury (ABI), where 16% of children sustain at least one TBI requiring medical attention, and 25-30% experience chronic problems. Attention and concentration problems are am... Read More about Home based remotely supervised tDCS in children with acquired brain injury: a feasibility study protocol.

Distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic for children with ADHD and/or ASD: a European multi-center study examining the role of executive function deficits and age (2022)
Journal Article

Background: One of the COVID-19 pandemic consequences that has affected families the most is school lockdowns. Some studies have shown that distance learning has been especially challenging for families with a child with neurodevelopmental disorders... Read More about Distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic for children with ADHD and/or ASD: a European multi-center study examining the role of executive function deficits and age.

The effects of stimulant and non-stimulant medications on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning in people with ADHD: A systematic review and meta-analysis (2022)
Journal Article

We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effects of stimulant and non-stimulant medications on autonomic functioning in people with ADHD (PROSPERO: CRD42020212439). We searched (9th August 2021) PsycInfo, MEDLINE, EMBAS... Read More about The effects of stimulant and non-stimulant medications on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning in people with ADHD: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Acute effects of physical activity on cognitive function in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis (2022)
Journal Article

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents, is typically managed with medications which are associated with negative side effects. Therefore, non-pharmacological tr... Read More about Acute effects of physical activity on cognitive function in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Heart Rate Variability in Children and Adolescents with Autism, ADHD and Co-occurring Autism and ADHD, During Passive and Active Experimental Conditions (2021)
Journal Article

Despite overlaps in clinical symptomatology, autism and ADHD may be associated with opposite autonomic arousal profiles which might partly explain altered cognitive and global functioning. We investigated autonomic arousal in 106 children/adolescents... Read More about Heart Rate Variability in Children and Adolescents with Autism, ADHD and Co-occurring Autism and ADHD, During Passive and Active Experimental Conditions.

What is the Effect of Stimulus Complexity on Attention to Repeating and Changing Information in Autism? (2021)
Journal Article

Slower habituation to repeating stimuli characterises Autism, but it is not known whether this is driven by difficulties with information processing or an attentional bias towards sameness. We conducted eye-tracking and presented looming geometrical... Read More about What is the Effect of Stimulus Complexity on Attention to Repeating and Changing Information in Autism?.

Optimising medication management in children and young people with ADHD using a computerised test (QbTest): a feasibility randomised controlled trial (2021)
Journal Article

Background Medication for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) should be closely monitored to ensure optimisation. There is growing interest in using computerised assessments of ADHD symptoms to support medication monitoring. The aim of t... Read More about Optimising medication management in children and young people with ADHD using a computerised test (QbTest): a feasibility randomised controlled trial.

The implementation of telehealth to assess, monitor and treat neurodevelopmental disorders: a systematic review (2021)
Journal Article

Background: In response to COVID-19 there is increasing momentum behind the development and delivery of telehealth. To assess the anticipated exponential growth in telehealth it is important we accurately capture how telehealth was used in specific f... Read More about The implementation of telehealth to assess, monitor and treat neurodevelopmental disorders: a systematic review.

Parental experiences of homeschooling during the COVID-19 pandemic: differences between seven European countries and between children with and without mental health conditions (2021)
Journal Article

The aim of the present study was to examine parental experiences of homeschooling during the COVID-19 pandemic in families with or without a child with a mental health condition across Europe. The study included 6720 parents recruited through schools... Read More about Parental experiences of homeschooling during the COVID-19 pandemic: differences between seven European countries and between children with and without mental health conditions.

Bibliometric Review: Classroom Management in ADHD—Is There a Communication Gap Concerning Knowledge Between the Scientific Fields Psychiatry/Psychology and Education? (2020)
Journal Article

Many students with ADHD experience educational attainment difficulties. Nevertheless, evidence-based classroom management strategies (CMS) are seldom used. This science–practitioner gap might be due to a lack of shared knowledge between the scientifi... Read More about Bibliometric Review: Classroom Management in ADHD—Is There a Communication Gap Concerning Knowledge Between the Scientific Fields Psychiatry/Psychology and Education?.

A systematic review evaluating the implementation of technologies to assess, monitor and treat neurodevelopmental disorders: A map of the current evidence (2020)
Journal Article

Technology-based interventions provide an attractive option for improving service provision for neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD), for example, widening access to interventions, objective assessment, and monitoring; however, it is unclear whether th... Read More about A systematic review evaluating the implementation of technologies to assess, monitor and treat neurodevelopmental disorders: A map of the current evidence.

Atypical Electrophysiological Indices of Eyes-Open and Eyes-Closed Resting-State in Children and Adolescents with ADHD and Autism (2020)
Journal Article

Investigating electrophysiological measures during resting-state might be useful to investigate brain functioning and responsivity in individuals under diagnostic assessment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism. EEG was reco... Read More about Atypical Electrophysiological Indices of Eyes-Open and Eyes-Closed Resting-State in Children and Adolescents with ADHD and Autism.

Is autonomic nervous system function atypical in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? A systematic review of the evidence (2019)
Journal Article

Although arousal mechanisms have frequently been found to be atypical in ADHD, these findings usually emerged from indirect behavioural measures which give only a limited understanding of arousal dysregulation in this condition. To assess the hypothe... Read More about Is autonomic nervous system function atypical in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)? A systematic review of the evidence.

Neurological and psychiatric adverse effects of long-term methylphenidate treatment in ADHD: A map of the current evidence (2019)
Journal Article

Methylphenidate (MPH), the most common medication for children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in many countries, is often prescribed for long periods of time. Any long-term psychotropic treatment in childhood raises concerns abo... Read More about Neurological and psychiatric adverse effects of long-term methylphenidate treatment in ADHD: A map of the current evidence.

Consensus workshops on the development of an ADHD medication management protocol using QbTest: developing a clinical trial protocol with multidisciplinary stakeholders (2019)
Journal Article

Background The study design and protocol that underpin a randomised controlled trial (RCT) are critical for the ultimate success of the trial. Although RCTs are considered the gold standard for research, there are multiple threats to their validity... Read More about Consensus workshops on the development of an ADHD medication management protocol using QbTest: developing a clinical trial protocol with multidisciplinary stakeholders.

Reduced Prefrontal Gyrification in Carriers of the Dopamine D4 Receptor 7-Repeat Allele With Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Preliminary Report (2019)
Journal Article

Objective: Structural and functional abnormalities have been noted in the prefrontal cortex of individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Cortical thickness and gyrification, both of which h... Read More about Reduced Prefrontal Gyrification in Carriers of the Dopamine D4 Receptor 7-Repeat Allele With Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Preliminary Report.

Cognitive predictors of parent-rated inattention in very preterm children: The role of working memory and processing speed (2018)
Journal Article

Background: Inattention is one of the most common neurobehavioural problems following very preterm birth. Attention problems can persist into adulthood and are associated with negative socio-emotional and educational outcomes. This study aimed to det... Read More about Cognitive predictors of parent-rated inattention in very preterm children: The role of working memory and processing speed.

Implicit sequence learning in young people with Tourette syndrome with and without co-occurring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (2018)
Journal Article

Impaired habit-learning has been proposed to underlie the tic symptoms of Tourette syndrome (TS). However, accounts differ in terms of how habit-learning is altered in TS, with some authors proposing habit-formation is impaired due to a deficient “ch... Read More about Implicit sequence learning in young people with Tourette syndrome with and without co-occurring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Altered temporal stability in dynamic neural networks underlies connectivity changes in neurodevelopment (2018)
Journal Article

Network connectivity is an integral feature of human brain function, and characterising its maturational trajectory is a critical step towards understanding healthy and atypical neurodevelopment. Here, we used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investig... Read More about Altered temporal stability in dynamic neural networks underlies connectivity changes in neurodevelopment.

Atypical processing of gaze cues and faces explains comorbidity between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (2017)
Journal Article

This study investigated the neurobiological basis of comorbidity between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We compared children with ASD, ADHD or ADHD+ASD and typically developing controls (CTRL) on b... Read More about Atypical processing of gaze cues and faces explains comorbidity between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Study of user-experience of an objective test (QbTest) to aid ADHD assessment and medication management: a multi-methods approach (2017)
Journal Article

Background The diagnosis and monitoring of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) typically relies on subjective reports and observations. Objective continuous performance tests (CPTs) have been incorporated into some services to support... Read More about Study of user-experience of an objective test (QbTest) to aid ADHD assessment and medication management: a multi-methods approach.

The incremental validity of a computerised assessment added to clinical rating scales to differentiate adult ADHD from autism spectrum disorder (2016)
Journal Article

There is a clinical need for objective evidence-based measures that are sensitive and specific to ADHD when compared with other neurodevelopmental disorders. This study evaluated the incremental validity of adding an objective measure of activity and... Read More about The incremental validity of a computerised assessment added to clinical rating scales to differentiate adult ADHD from autism spectrum disorder.

Practitioner review: Treatments for Tourette syndrome in children and young people: a systematic review (2016)
Journal Article

Background: Tourette syndrome (TS) and chronic tic disorder (CTD) affect 1–2% of children and young people, but the most effective treatment is unclear. To establish the current evidence base, we conducted a systematic review of interventions for ch... Read More about Practitioner review: Treatments for Tourette syndrome in children and young people: a systematic review.

Electrophysiological correlates of reinforcement learning in young people with Tourette syndrome with and without co-occurring ADHD symptoms (2016)
Journal Article

Altered reinforcement learning is implicated in the causes of Tourette syndrome (TS) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). TS and ADHD frequently co-occur but how this affects reinforcement learning has not been investigated. We examin... Read More about Electrophysiological correlates of reinforcement learning in young people with Tourette syndrome with and without co-occurring ADHD symptoms.

Developing mHealth Remote Monitoring Technology for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Qualitative Study Eliciting User Priorities and Needs (2016)
Journal Article

Background: Guidelines in the United Kingdom recommend that medication titration for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) should be completed within 4-6 weeks and include regular reviews. However, most clinicians think that weekly clinic c... Read More about Developing mHealth Remote Monitoring Technology for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Qualitative Study Eliciting User Priorities and Needs.

Clinical effectiveness and patient perspectives of different treatment strategies for tics in children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome: a systematic review and qualitative analysis (2016)
Journal Article

Background: Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterised by chronic motor and vocal tics affecting up to 1% of school-age children and young people and is associated with significant distress and psychosocial impairment. Ob... Read More about Clinical effectiveness and patient perspectives of different treatment strategies for tics in children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome: a systematic review and qualitative analysis.

The clinical utility of the continuous performance test and objective measures of activity for diagnosing and monitoring ADHD in children: a systematic review (2015)
Journal Article

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is typically diagnosed using clinical observation and subjective informant reports. Once children commence ADHD medication, robust monitoring is required to detect partial or non-responses. The extent t... Read More about The clinical utility of the continuous performance test and objective measures of activity for diagnosing and monitoring ADHD in children: a systematic review.

Computer games for user engagement in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) monitoring and therapy (2015)
Conference Proceeding

State-of-the-art computer games and psychological tests for symptom monitoring and therapy in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are explored and reviewed. Three foci for research studies are identified: task (human performance) focus; e... Read More about Computer games for user engagement in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) monitoring and therapy.

Morphological abnormalities in prefrontal surface area and thalamic volume in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (2015)
Journal Article

Although previous morphological studies have demonstrated abnormalities in prefrontal cortical thickness in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), studies investigating cortical surface area are lacking. As the development of... Read More about Morphological abnormalities in prefrontal surface area and thalamic volume in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Snappy App: a mobile continuous performance test with physical activity measurement for assessing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (2014)
Conference Proceeding

A Continuous Performance Test (CPT) was incorporated into a smartphone application (App) to measure three symptom domains associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The App was pilot tes... Read More about Snappy App: a mobile continuous performance test with physical activity measurement for assessing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Impulsivity and drinking motives predict problem behaviours relating to alcohol use in University students (2013)
Journal Article

Aims: This study used a four-factor model of impulsivity to investigate inter-relationships between alcohol consumption, impulsivity, motives for drinking and the tendency to engage in alcohol-related problem behaviours. Methods: 400 University stu... Read More about Impulsivity and drinking motives predict problem behaviours relating to alcohol use in University students.

Motivational incentives and methylphenidate enhance electrophysiological correlates of error monitoring in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (2013)
Journal Article

Background Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterised by developmentally inappropriate levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity and/or inattention and are particularly impaired when performing tasks that require a hi... Read More about Motivational incentives and methylphenidate enhance electrophysiological correlates of error monitoring in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Task-related default mode network modulation and inhibitory control in ADHD: effects of motivation and methylphenidate (2011)
Journal Article

Background: Deficits characteristic of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), including poor attention and inhibitory control, are at least partially alleviated by factors that increase engagement of attention, suggesting a hypodopaminergic... Read More about Task-related default mode network modulation and inhibitory control in ADHD: effects of motivation and methylphenidate.

Indices of heart rate variability and performance during a response-conflict task are differently associated with ADHD and autism (2002)
Journal Article

Objective. We investigated autonomic arousal, attention and response conflict, in ADHD and autism. Method. Heart rate variability (HRV), and behavioural and electrophysiological indices of performance, were recorded during a task with low and hig... Read More about Indices of heart rate variability and performance during a response-conflict task are differently associated with ADHD and autism.