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Key characteristics of effective yoga interventions for managing osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2024)
Journal Article
Biswas, I., Nalbant, G., Lewis, S., & Chattopadhyay, K. (in press). Key characteristics of effective yoga interventions for managing osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Rheumatology International, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00296-024-05652-y

This systematic review aimed to synthesise the content, structure, and delivery characteristics of effective yoga interventions for managing osteoarthritis symptoms, including joint pain and joint function. JBI guidelines were followed. 17 databases... Read More about Key characteristics of effective yoga interventions for managing osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Prospective study of exposure to smoking imagery in films and changes in susceptibility to smoking in a cohort of school students in Southern India (2024)
Journal Article
Kamath, V. G., Kulkarni, M. M., Kamath, A., Lewis, S., Bogdanovica, I., Bains, M., …Britton, J. (2024). Prospective study of exposure to smoking imagery in films and changes in susceptibility to smoking in a cohort of school students in Southern India. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 22(May), Article 88. https://doi.org/10.18332/tid/178442

INTRODUCTION India has unique tobacco-free film and TV rules designed to prevent tobacco uptake. In this study, we examined the potential influence of exposure to smoking imagery in regionally famous films, on susceptibility to smoke in teenagers enr... Read More about Prospective study of exposure to smoking imagery in films and changes in susceptibility to smoking in a cohort of school students in Southern India.

Effect of 3 months and 12 months of financial incentives on 12‐month postpartum smoking cessation maintenance: A randomized controlled trial (2024)
Journal Article
Ussher, M., Best, C., Lewis, S., McKell, J., Coleman, T., Cooper, S., …Bauld, L. (2024). Effect of 3 months and 12 months of financial incentives on 12‐month postpartum smoking cessation maintenance: A randomized controlled trial. Addiction, 119(8), 1352-1363. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.16487

Background and aims Offering financial incentives is effective for smoking cessation during pregnancy. We tested the effectiveness of financial incentives for maintaining postpartum cessation, comparing 12-month and 3-month incentives with each ot... Read More about Effect of 3 months and 12 months of financial incentives on 12‐month postpartum smoking cessation maintenance: A randomized controlled trial.

Effect of 3 months and 12 months of financial incentives on 12-month postpartum smoking cessation maintenance: a randomised controlled trial (2024)
Journal Article
Lewis, S., Mckell, J., Coleman, T., Cooper, S., Orton, S., Bauld, L., & Usher, J. (2024). Effect of 3 months and 12 months of financial incentives on 12-month postpartum smoking cessation maintenance: a randomised controlled trial. Addiction, 119(8), 1352-1363. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.16487

Background and aims Offering financial incentives is effective for smoking cessation during pregnancy. We tested the effectiveness of financial incentives for maintaining postpartum cessation, comparing 12-month and 3-month incentives with each othe... Read More about Effect of 3 months and 12 months of financial incentives on 12-month postpartum smoking cessation maintenance: a randomised controlled trial.

The association between living alone, loneliness and suicide mortality and effect modification by age: A case:control study (2024)
Journal Article
Alothman, D., Lewis, S., Card, T., Tyrrell, E., & Fogarty, A. W. (2024). The association between living alone, loneliness and suicide mortality and effect modification by age: A case:control study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 352, 278-280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2024.02.047

Background: Social isolation is a potentially reversible risk factor for suicide. Methods: A matched case control study design was used. The study population was from England and identified from an electronic primary case database with linkage to a s... Read More about The association between living alone, loneliness and suicide mortality and effect modification by age: A case:control study.

Primary care consultation patterns prior to suicide: a nationally representative case-control study. (2024)
Journal Article
Alothman, D., Lewis, S., Fogarty, A. W., Card, T., & Tyrrell, E. (2024). Primary care consultation patterns prior to suicide: a nationally representative case-control study. British Journal of General Practice, 74(744), e426-e433. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp.2023.0509

Consultation with primary health care may provide an opportunity to identify patients at higher suicide risk. To explore primary care consultation patterns in the 5 years before suicide to identify suicide high-risk groups and common reasons for cons... Read More about Primary care consultation patterns prior to suicide: a nationally representative case-control study..

Safety of e-cigarettes and nicotine patches as stop-smoking aids in pregnancy: Secondary analysis of the Pregnancy Trial of E-cigarettes and Patches (PREP) randomised controlled trial (2024)
Journal Article
Pesola, F., Smith, K. M., Phillips-Waller, A., Przulj, D., Griffiths, C., Walton, R., …Hajek, P. (2024). Safety of e-cigarettes and nicotine patches as stop-smoking aids in pregnancy: Secondary analysis of the Pregnancy Trial of E-cigarettes and Patches (PREP) randomised controlled trial. Addiction, 119(5), 875-884. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.16422

Aims To examine safety of e-cigarettes (EC) and nicotine patches (NRT) when used to help pregnant smokers quit. Design A recent trial of EC versus NRT reported safety outcomes in the randomised arms. We conducted a further analysis based... Read More about Safety of e-cigarettes and nicotine patches as stop-smoking aids in pregnancy: Secondary analysis of the Pregnancy Trial of E-cigarettes and Patches (PREP) randomised controlled trial.

Safety of e-cigarettes and nicotine patches as stop-smoking aids in pregnancy: Secondary analysis of the Pregnancy Trial of E-cigarettes and Patches (PREP) randomized controlled trial (2024)
Journal Article
Pesola, F., Smith, K. M., Phillips‐Waller, A., Przulj, D., Griffiths, C., Walton, R., …Hajek, P. (2024). Safety of e-cigarettes and nicotine patches as stop-smoking aids in pregnancy: Secondary analysis of the Pregnancy Trial of E-cigarettes and Patches (PREP) randomized controlled trial. Addiction, 119(5), 875-884. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.16422

Aims: The aim of this study was to examine the safety of e-cigarettes (EC) and nicotine patches (NRT) when used to help pregnant smokers quit. Design: A recent trial of EC versus NRT reported safety outcomes in the randomized arms. We conducted a fur... Read More about Safety of e-cigarettes and nicotine patches as stop-smoking aids in pregnancy: Secondary analysis of the Pregnancy Trial of E-cigarettes and Patches (PREP) randomized controlled trial.

Yoga Programme for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention (YOGA-DP): a qualitative study exploring trial team’s facilitators and challenges in conducting a feasibility trial in India (2023)
Journal Article
Mishra, P., Greenfield, S. M., Harris, T., Hamer, M., Anne Lewis, S., Singh, K., …Chattopadhyay, K. (2023). Yoga Programme for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention (YOGA-DP): a qualitative study exploring trial team’s facilitators and challenges in conducting a feasibility trial in India. Diabetes Therapy, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13300-023-01450-0

Background In India, around 77 million people are at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Yoga interventions can be effective in preventing T2DM. We conducted a feasibility randomized controlled trial (RCT) in India, and the inte... Read More about Yoga Programme for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention (YOGA-DP): a qualitative study exploring trial team’s facilitators and challenges in conducting a feasibility trial in India.

Helping pregnant smokers quit: a multi-centre randomised controlled trial of electronic cigarettes versus nicotine replacement therapy (2023)
Journal Article
Przulj, D., Pesola, F., Myers Smith, K., McRobbie, H., Coleman, T., Lewis, S., …Hajek, P. (2023). Helping pregnant smokers quit: a multi-centre randomised controlled trial of electronic cigarettes versus nicotine replacement therapy. Health Technology Assessment, 27(13), https://doi.org/10.3310/AGTH6901

Background Some pregnant smokers try e-cigarettes, but effectiveness and safety of such use are unknown. Objectives To compare effectiveness and safety of nicotine patches and e-cigarettes in pregnancy. Design A pragmatic multi-centre random... Read More about Helping pregnant smokers quit: a multi-centre randomised controlled trial of electronic cigarettes versus nicotine replacement therapy.

Evaluation of common prescription analgesics and adjuvant analgesics as markers of suicide risk: a longitudinal population-based study in England (2023)
Journal Article
Alothman, D., Tyrrell, E., Lewis, S., Card, T., & Fogarty, A. W. (2023). Evaluation of common prescription analgesics and adjuvant analgesics as markers of suicide risk: a longitudinal population-based study in England. The Lancet Regional Health Europe, 32, Article 100695. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lanepe.2023.100695

Background: Analgesics prescriptions may provide a marker for identifying individuals at higher risk of suicide. In particular, awareness of which analgesics are implicated may help clinicians assess and modify risk. Method: A case–control study in E... Read More about Evaluation of common prescription analgesics and adjuvant analgesics as markers of suicide risk: a longitudinal population-based study in England.

Delivering yoga to people with hypertension in the UK: A qualitative study to explore yoga providers' knowledge, experiences, and attitudes (2023)
Journal Article
Nalbant, G., Hassanein, Z. M., Lewis, S., & Chattopadhyay, K. (2023). Delivering yoga to people with hypertension in the UK: A qualitative study to explore yoga providers' knowledge, experiences, and attitudes. Health Science Reports, 6(5), Article 1260. https://doi.org/10.1002/hsr2.1260

Background and Aims: Yoga has become increasingly popular in the world and the UK for improving health and well‐being. A growing body of research suggests that yoga could be used to improve the management of hypertension in addition to current manage... Read More about Delivering yoga to people with hypertension in the UK: A qualitative study to explore yoga providers' knowledge, experiences, and attitudes.

How do stroke early supported discharge services achieve intensive and responsive service provision? Findings from a realist evaluation study (WISE) (2023)
Journal Article
Chouliara, N., Cameron, T., Byrne, A., Lewis, S., Langhorne, P., Robinson, T., …Fisher, R. (2023). How do stroke early supported discharge services achieve intensive and responsive service provision? Findings from a realist evaluation study (WISE). BMC Health Services Research, 23(1), Article 299. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-023-09290-1

Background: Stroke Early Supported Discharge (ESD) involves provision of responsive and intensive rehabilitation to stroke survivors at home and it is recommended as part of the stroke care pathway. Core components have been identified to guide the d... Read More about How do stroke early supported discharge services achieve intensive and responsive service provision? Findings from a realist evaluation study (WISE).

Development process of a clinical guideline to manage type 2 diabetes in adults by Ayurvedic practitioners (2023)
Journal Article
Chattopadhyay, K., Kapoor, N., Heinrich, M., Mitra, A., Mittal, M., Lewis, S. A., …Leonardi-Bee, J. (2023). Development process of a clinical guideline to manage type 2 diabetes in adults by Ayurvedic practitioners. Frontiers in Medicine, 10, Article 1043715. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2023.1043715

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a common chronic health condition, has major health and socioeconomic consequences. In the Indian subcontinent, it is a health condition for which individuals commonly consult Ayurvedic (traditional medica... Read More about Development process of a clinical guideline to manage type 2 diabetes in adults by Ayurvedic practitioners.

Risk of Suicide After Dementia Diagnosis (2022)
Journal Article
Alothman, D., Card, T., Lewis, S., Tyrrell, E., Fogarty, A. W., & Marshall, C. R. (2022). Risk of Suicide After Dementia Diagnosis. JAMA Neurology, 79(11), 1148-1154. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaneurol.2022.3094

Importance: Patients with dementia may be at an increased suicide risk. Identifying groups at greatest risk of suicide would support targeted risk reduction efforts by clinical dementia services. Objectives: To examine the association between a d... Read More about Risk of Suicide After Dementia Diagnosis.

The epidemiology of diphtheria in Haiti, December 2014-June 2021: A spatial modeling analysis (2022)
Journal Article
Ikejezie, J., Langley, T., Lewis, S., Bisanzio, D., & Phalkey, R. (2022). The epidemiology of diphtheria in Haiti, December 2014-June 2021: A spatial modeling analysis. PLoS ONE, 17(8), Article e0273398. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0273398

BACKGROUND: Haiti has been experiencing a resurgence of diphtheria since December 2014. Little is known about the factors contributing to the spread and persistence of the disease in the country. Geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial analy... Read More about The epidemiology of diphtheria in Haiti, December 2014-June 2021: A spatial modeling analysis.

Effectiveness and Safety of Ayurvedic Medicines in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Management: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (2022)
Journal Article
Chattopadhyay, K., Wang, H., Kaur, J., Nalbant, G., Almaqhawi, A. K., Kundakci, B., …Leonardi-Bee, J. (2022). Effectiveness and Safety of Ayurvedic Medicines in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Management: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 13, Article 821810. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2022.821810

Introduction: Many Ayurvedic medicines have the potential for managing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with previous systematic reviews demonstrating effectiveness and safety for specific Ayurvedic medicines. However, many of the reviews need updati... Read More about Effectiveness and Safety of Ayurvedic Medicines in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Management: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Investigating the cost-effectiveness of three cessation interventions on a national scale using the Economics of Smoking in Pregnancy (ESIP) decision analytical model (2022)
Journal Article
Jones, M., Smith, M., Lewis, S., Parrott, S., & Coleman, T. (2022). Investigating the cost-effectiveness of three cessation interventions on a national scale using the Economics of Smoking in Pregnancy (ESIP) decision analytical model. Addiction, https://doi.org/10.1111/add.15968

Aim: To measure the cost-effectiveness of adding text message (TMB), exercise (EB) and abstinent-contingent financial incentive-based (CFIB) stop smoking interventions to standard smoking cessation support for pregnant women in England. Design: Model... Read More about Investigating the cost-effectiveness of three cessation interventions on a national scale using the Economics of Smoking in Pregnancy (ESIP) decision analytical model.

Content, Structure and Delivery Characteristics of Yoga Interventions for Managing Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review Protocol (2022)
Journal Article
Biswas, I., Lewis, S., & Chattopadhyay, K. (2022). Content, Structure and Delivery Characteristics of Yoga Interventions for Managing Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review Protocol. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(10), Article 6102. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19106102

The global burden of rheumatoid arthritis among adults is rising. Yoga might be a potential solution for managing rheumatoid arthritis. This systematic review aims to synthesise the content, structure and delivery characteristics of effective yoga in... Read More about Content, Structure and Delivery Characteristics of Yoga Interventions for Managing Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Systematic Review Protocol.

Electronic cigarettes versus nicotine patches for smoking cessation in pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial (2022)
Journal Article
Hajek, P., Przulj, D., Pesola, F., Griffiths, C., Walton, R., McRobbie, H., …Myers Smith, K. (2022). Electronic cigarettes versus nicotine patches for smoking cessation in pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial. Nature Medicine, 28(5), 958-964. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-022-01808-0

Nicotine replacement therapy, in the form of nicotine patches, is commonly offered to pregnant women who smoke to help them to stop smoking, but this approach has limited efficacy in this population. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are also used... Read More about Electronic cigarettes versus nicotine patches for smoking cessation in pregnancy: a randomized controlled trial.

Content, Structure and Delivery Characteristics of Yoga Interventions for the Management of Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review Protocol (2022)
Journal Article
Biswas, I., Lewis, S., & Chattopadhyay, K. (2022). Content, Structure and Delivery Characteristics of Yoga Interventions for the Management of Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review Protocol. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(10), Article 5806. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105806

The global burden of osteoarthritis among adults is rising. Yoga might be a potential solution for the management of osteoarthritis. This systematic review aims to synthesise the content, structure and delivery characteristics of effective yoga inter... Read More about Content, Structure and Delivery Characteristics of Yoga Interventions for the Management of Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review Protocol.

Feasibility Trial of Yoga Programme for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention (YOGA-DP) among High-Risk People in India: A Qualitative Study to Explore Participants’ Trial- and Intervention-Related Barriers and Facilitators (2022)
Journal Article
Mishra, P., Harris, T., Greenfield, S. M., Hamer, M., Lewis, S. A., Singh, K., …Chattopadhyay, K. (2022). Feasibility Trial of Yoga Programme for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention (YOGA-DP) among High-Risk People in India: A Qualitative Study to Explore Participants’ Trial- and Intervention-Related Barriers and Facilitators. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(9), Article 5514. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095514

Yoga-based interventions can be effective in preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We developed a Yoga programme for T2DM prevention (YOGA-DP) and conducted a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT) among high-risk people in India. This q... Read More about Feasibility Trial of Yoga Programme for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention (YOGA-DP) among High-Risk People in India: A Qualitative Study to Explore Participants’ Trial- and Intervention-Related Barriers and Facilitators.

Content, Structure, and Delivery Characteristics of Yoga Interventions for Managing Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials (2022)
Journal Article
Nalbant, G., Hassanein, Z., Lewis, S., & Chattopadhyay, K. (2022). Content, Structure, and Delivery Characteristics of Yoga Interventions for Managing Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Frontiers in Public Health, 10, Article 846231. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.846231

Objectives: This systematic review aimed to synthesize the content, structure, and delivery characteristics of effective yoga interventions used for managing hypertension and to compare these characteristics with ineffective interventions. Design and... Read More about Content, Structure, and Delivery Characteristics of Yoga Interventions for Managing Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Risk of mortality from suicide in patients with Huntington’s disease is increased compared to the general population in England (2022)
Journal Article
Alothman, D., Marshall, C. R., Tyrrell, E., Lewis, S., Card, T., & Fogarty, A. (2022). Risk of mortality from suicide in patients with Huntington’s disease is increased compared to the general population in England. Journal of Neurology, 269, 4436–4439. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-022-11085-z

Objective: To examine the relative risk of suicide mortality in patients with Huntington’s disease (HD). Methods: A case–control study design was used. We used linked electronic records from primary care, secondary care and Office for National Statis... Read More about Risk of mortality from suicide in patients with Huntington’s disease is increased compared to the general population in England.

Potential Risk Factors of Smokeless Tobacco Consumption Among Adolescents in South India (2022)
Journal Article
Kulkarni, M. M., Kamath, V. G., Kamath, A., Lewis, S., Bogdanovica, I., Bains, M., …Britton, J. (2022). Potential Risk Factors of Smokeless Tobacco Consumption Among Adolescents in South India. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 24(7), 1104-1109. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntac003

Introduction: Although most of the disease burden is due to tobacco smoking, smokeless tobacco (SLT) use contributed to an estimated 76,000 deaths in 2017. We have studied the potential risk factors for SLT use among adolescents in South India. M... Read More about Potential Risk Factors of Smokeless Tobacco Consumption Among Adolescents in South India.

Characteristics of Yoga Providers and Their Sessions and Attendees in the UK: A Cross-Sectional Survey (2022)
Journal Article
Nalbant, G., Lewis, S., & Chattopadhyay, K. (2022). Characteristics of Yoga Providers and Their Sessions and Attendees in the UK: A Cross-Sectional Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(4), Article 2212. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042212

Yoga is an ancient Indian philosophy and way of life that is being used as a method of improving health and wellbeing. Evidence shows that yoga has several health benefits, such as managing many noncommunicable diseases, such as hypertension, and imp... Read More about Characteristics of Yoga Providers and Their Sessions and Attendees in the UK: A Cross-Sectional Survey.

Ethnicity and suicide risk: A population-based study from England (2021)
Journal Article
Alothman, D., Fogarty, A., Tyrrell, E., Lewis, S., & Card, T. (2022). Ethnicity and suicide risk: A population-based study from England. Journal of Affective Disorders, 298(Part A), 555-557. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.11.044

Using multiple linked electronic health databases, we conducted a large case-control study in England from 2001 through 2019 to examine the association between ethnicity and suicide risk. Asian, Black and Other ethnic groups had a significantly lower... Read More about Ethnicity and suicide risk: A population-based study from England.

Yoga Program for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention (YOGA-DP) Among High-Risk People: Qualitative Study to Explore Reasons for Non-participation in a Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial in India (2021)
Journal Article
Mishra, P., Greenfield, S., Harris, T., Hamer, M., Lewis, S. A., Singh, K., …Chattopadhyay, K. (2021). Yoga Program for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention (YOGA-DP) Among High-Risk People: Qualitative Study to Explore Reasons for Non-participation in a Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial in India. Frontiers in Public Health, 9, Article 682203. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.682203

Background: Yoga-based interventions can be effective in preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We developed a Yoga program for T2DM prevention (YOGA-DP) among high-risk people and conducted a feasibility randomized controlled trial (RCT) in Ind... Read More about Yoga Program for Type 2 Diabetes Prevention (YOGA-DP) Among High-Risk People: Qualitative Study to Explore Reasons for Non-participation in a Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial in India.

Prospective cohort study of exposure to tobacco imagery in popular films and smoking uptake among children in southern India (2021)
Journal Article
Kulkarni, M. M., Kamath, A., Kamath, V. G., Lewis, S., Bogdanovica, I., Bains, M., …Britton, J. (2021). Prospective cohort study of exposure to tobacco imagery in popular films and smoking uptake among children in southern India. PLoS ONE, 16(8), Article e0253593. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0253593

Background Exposure to tobacco imagery in films causes young people to start smoking. Popular Indian films contain high levels of tobacco imagery, but those that do are required by law to display onscreen health warnings when smoking imagery occurs a... Read More about Prospective cohort study of exposure to tobacco imagery in popular films and smoking uptake among children in southern India.

Financial Incentives for Preventing Postpartum return to Smoking (FIPPS): study protocol for a three-arm randomised controlled trial (2021)
Journal Article
Ussher, M., Best, C., Lewis, S., McKell, J., Coleman, T., Cooper, S., …Bauld, L. (2021). Financial Incentives for Preventing Postpartum return to Smoking (FIPPS): study protocol for a three-arm randomised controlled trial. Trials, 22(1), Article 512. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-021-05480-6

Background: Financial incentives are an effective way of helping women to stop smoking during pregnancy. Unfortunately, most women who stop smoking at this time return to smoking within 12 months of the infant’s birth. There is no evidence for interv... Read More about Financial Incentives for Preventing Postpartum return to Smoking (FIPPS): study protocol for a three-arm randomised controlled trial.

Smoking and vaping patterns during pregnancy and the postpartum: a longitudinal UK cohort survey (2021)
Journal Article
Bowker, K., Lewis, S., Ussher, M., Naughton, F., Phillips, L., Coleman, T., …Cooper, S. (2021). Smoking and vaping patterns during pregnancy and the postpartum: a longitudinal UK cohort survey. Addictive Behaviors, 123, Article 107050. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107050

Introduction: There is limited information about longitudinal patterns of vaping during pregnancy and the postpartum. We describe the prevalence, frequency, and reasons for vaping throughout pregnancy and postpartum. We also describe temporal pattern... Read More about Smoking and vaping patterns during pregnancy and the postpartum: a longitudinal UK cohort survey.

Health Risks of Kretek Cigarettes: A Systematic Review (2021)
Journal Article
Nuryunarsih, D., Lewis, S., & Langley, T. (2021). Health Risks of Kretek Cigarettes: A Systematic Review. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 23(8), 1274–1282. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntab016

Objective To review the evidence on the health risks associated with smoking kretek cigarettes compared with not smoking or smoking regular cigarettes. Data Sources: We conducted a systematic literature search in five electronic databases: EMBASE... Read More about Health Risks of Kretek Cigarettes: A Systematic Review.

Mortality rates immediately after severe hurricanes in Cuba have decreased over the past three decades (2021)
Journal Article
Suárez-Medina, R., Venero-Fernández, S., Mesa Ridel, G., Fogarty, A., & Lewis, S. (2021). Mortality rates immediately after severe hurricanes in Cuba have decreased over the past three decades. Public Health, 191, 55-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2020.11.022

Objectives The objective of this study is to understand how Cuba responds to extreme weather events, which can help identify and disseminate good public health practice. Study design The study design of this study is an observational study u... Read More about Mortality rates immediately after severe hurricanes in Cuba have decreased over the past three decades.

Yorkshire Enhanced Stop Smoking (YESS) study: a protocol for a randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effect of adding a personalised smoking cessation intervention to a lung cancer screening programme (2020)
Journal Article
Murray, R. L., Brain, K., Britton, J., Quinn-Scoggins, H. D., Lewis, S., McCutchan, G. M., …Callister, M. E. (2020). Yorkshire Enhanced Stop Smoking (YESS) study: a protocol for a randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effect of adding a personalised smoking cessation intervention to a lung cancer screening programme. BMJ Open, 10(9), Article e037086. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037086

Exposure to tobacco imagery in popular films and the risk of ever smoking among children in southern India (2020)
Journal Article
Kulkarni, M. M., Kamath, V. G., Kamath, A., Lewis, S., Bogdanovica, I., Bains, M., …Britton, J. (2021). Exposure to tobacco imagery in popular films and the risk of ever smoking among children in southern India. Tobacco Control, 30(5), 560-566. https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2019-055353

Background Exposure to smoking in films is a recognised cause of smoking uptake among children. In India, in an attempt to protect children, films containing smoking are required to include tobacco control messaging including audiovisual disclaimers,... Read More about Exposure to tobacco imagery in popular films and the risk of ever smoking among children in southern India.

Yoga programme for type-2 diabetes prevention (YOGA-DP) among high risk people in India: a multicentre feasibility randomised controlled trial protocol (2020)
Journal Article
Chattopadhyay, K., Mishra, P., Singh, K., Harris, T., Hamer, M., Greenfield, S. M., …Prabhakaran, D. (2020). Yoga programme for type-2 diabetes prevention (YOGA-DP) among high risk people in India: a multicentre feasibility randomised controlled trial protocol. BMJ Open, 10(9), Article e036277. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036277

Introduction A huge population in India is at high risk of type-2 diabetes (T2DM). Physical activity and a healthy diet (healthy lifestyle) improve blood glucose levels in people at high risk of T2DM. However, an unhealthy lifestyle is common among... Read More about Yoga programme for type-2 diabetes prevention (YOGA-DP) among high risk people in India: a multicentre feasibility randomised controlled trial protocol.

Patients' attitudes towards cost feedback to doctors to prevent unnecessary testing: a qualitative focus group study (2020)
Journal Article
Young, B., Fogarty, A. W., Skelly, R., Shaw, D., Thurley, P., Sturrock, N., …Cranwell, J. (2020). Patients' attitudes towards cost feedback to doctors to prevent unnecessary testing: a qualitative focus group study. Public Health, 185, 338-340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2020.06.023

© 2020 The Authors Objectives: There is a need to improve efficiency in healthcare delivery without compromising quality of care. One approach is the development and evaluation of behavioural strategies to reduce unnecessary use of common tests. Howe... Read More about Patients' attitudes towards cost feedback to doctors to prevent unnecessary testing: a qualitative focus group study.

Effectiveness and safety of Ayurvedic medicines in type-2 diabetes management: a systematic review protocol (2020)
Journal Article
Chattopadhyay, K., Panniyammakal, J., Biswas, T. K., Heinrich, M., Lewis, S. A., Greenfield, S. M., …Leonardi-Bee, J. (2020). Effectiveness and safety of Ayurvedic medicines in type-2 diabetes management: a systematic review protocol. JBI Evidence Synthesis, 18(11), 2380-2389. https://doi.org/10.11124/JBISRIR-D-19-00350

Objective: To evaluate and synthesize evidence on the effectiveness and safety of Ayurvedic medicines for managing type-2 diabetes (T2DM). Introduction: Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted to assess the effectiveness an... Read More about Effectiveness and safety of Ayurvedic medicines in type-2 diabetes management: a systematic review protocol.

Content, structure, and delivery characteristics of yoga interventions for managing hypertension: A systematic review protocol (2020)
Journal Article
Nalbant, G., Lewis, S., & Chattopadhyay, K. (2020). Content, structure, and delivery characteristics of yoga interventions for managing hypertension: A systematic review protocol. International Journal of Yoga, 13(2), 111-114. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijoy.ijoy_88_19

Aims: This systematic review aims to summarize the content, structure and delivery characteristics of yoga interventions used for managing hypertension. Introduction: Globally, hypertension-related morbidity and mortality are high. Yoga might be... Read More about Content, structure, and delivery characteristics of yoga interventions for managing hypertension: A systematic review protocol.

The potential to quantify polypharmacy in older adult hospital inpatients using electronic prescribing software: A feasibility study (2020)
Journal Article
Connor, N., Woodward, S., Norwood, M., Sturrock, N., Woodward, J., Skelly, R., …Fogarty, A. (2020). The potential to quantify polypharmacy in older adult hospital inpatients using electronic prescribing software: A feasibility study. Health and Technology, 10, 823–826. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12553-020-00419-4

Polypharmacy in older adults is a growing problem, as some drugs may be either unnecessary or even harmful. Admission to hospital under a Medicine for the Elderly specialist physicians represents an opportunity to review patients’ medication. The rec... Read More about The potential to quantify polypharmacy in older adult hospital inpatients using electronic prescribing software: A feasibility study.

Developing logic models to inform public health policy outcome evaluation: an example from tobacco control (2020)
Journal Article
Langley, T., Gillespie, D., Lewis, S., Eminson, K., Brennan, A., Docherty, G., & Young, B. (2020). Developing logic models to inform public health policy outcome evaluation: an example from tobacco control. Journal of Public Health, 43(3), 639-646. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa032

Background The evaluation of large-scale public health policy interventions often relies on observational designs where attributing causality is challenging. Logic models – visual representations of an intervention’s anticipated causal pathway –... Read More about Developing logic models to inform public health policy outcome evaluation: an example from tobacco control.

Does cost feedback modify demand for common blood tests in secondary care? A prospective controlled intervention study (2019)
Journal Article
Lewis, S., Young, B., Thurley, P., Shaw, D., Cranwell, J., Skelly, R., …Fogarty, A. W. (2019). Does cost feedback modify demand for common blood tests in secondary care? A prospective controlled intervention study. Future Healthcare Journal, 6(3), 204-208. https://doi.org/10.7861/fhj.2019-0001

Background: Behavioural insights or ‘nudge’ theory suggests that non-directional interventions may be used to modify human behaviour. We have tested the hypothesis that the provision of the cost of common blood tests with their results may modify sub... Read More about Does cost feedback modify demand for common blood tests in secondary care? A prospective controlled intervention study.

Safety of electronic cigarette use during breastfeeding: qualitative study using online forum discussions (2019)
Journal Article
Johnston, E. J., Campbell, K., Coleman, T., Lewis, S., Orton, S., & Cooper, S. (2019). Safety of electronic cigarette use during breastfeeding: qualitative study using online forum discussions. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 21(8), Article e11506. https://doi.org/10.2196/11506

Background: E-cigarettes are an increasingly popular alternative to smoking, helping to prevent relapse in those trying to quit, and with potential for harm reduction as they are likely to be safer than smoking. Many women return to smoking in the po... Read More about Safety of electronic cigarette use during breastfeeding: qualitative study using online forum discussions.

Prevalence and risk factors for initiating alcohol and tobacco consumption in adolescents living in urban and rural Ethiopia (2019)
Journal Article
Getachew, S., Lewis, S., Britton, J., Deressa, W., & Fogarty, A. W. (2019). Prevalence and risk factors for initiating alcohol and tobacco consumption in adolescents living in urban and rural Ethiopia. Public Health, 174, 118-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.05.029

© 2019 The Authors Objectives: African countries are potential high growth markets for the alcohol and tobacco industries. This study aimed to identify exposures that are associated with initiating use of alcohol and tobacco products in young people... Read More about Prevalence and risk factors for initiating alcohol and tobacco consumption in adolescents living in urban and rural Ethiopia.

Evaluation of a nudge intervention providing simple feedback to clinicians of the consequence of radiation exposure on demand for computerised tomography scans: a prospective, controlled study (2019)
Journal Article
Lewis, S., Shaw, D., Langley, T., Fogarty, A., Young, B., & Cranwell, O. (2019). Evaluation of a nudge intervention providing simple feedback to clinicians of the consequence of radiation exposure on demand for computerised tomography scans: a prospective, controlled study. Clinical Medicine, 19(4), 290-293. https://doi.org/10.7861/clinmedicine.19-4-290

Computerised tomography (CT) is readily available in developed countries. As one of the side-effects includes an increased risk of cancer, interventions that may encourage more judicious use of CT scans are important. Behavioural economics theory inc... Read More about Evaluation of a nudge intervention providing simple feedback to clinicians of the consequence of radiation exposure on demand for computerised tomography scans: a prospective, controlled study.

Role of lifestyle behaviours in the ethnic pattern of poor health outcomes in Leicester, England: analysis of a survey dataset (2019)
Journal Article
Chattopadhyay, K., Akagwire, U., Biswas, M., Moore, R., Rajania, G., & Lewis, S. (2019). Role of lifestyle behaviours in the ethnic pattern of poor health outcomes in Leicester, England: analysis of a survey dataset. Public Health, 170, 122-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.03.003

Objectives: Mediation analyses were conducted to explore the contribution of lifestyle behaviours in the ethnic pattern of poor health outcomes in Leicester, England. Study design: Cross-sectional study Methods: Health and Wellbeing Survey (201... Read More about Role of lifestyle behaviours in the ethnic pattern of poor health outcomes in Leicester, England: analysis of a survey dataset.

Measuring health related quality of life of care home residents: comparison of self-report with staff proxy responses (2019)
Journal Article
Usman, A., Lewis, S., Hinsliff-Smith, K., Long, A., Housley, G., Jordan, J., …Gordon, A. L. (2019). Measuring health related quality of life of care home residents: comparison of self-report with staff proxy responses. Age and Ageing, 48(3), 407–413. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afy191

Introduction: Care home residents are often unable to complete Health Related Quality of Life questionnaires for themselves because of prevalent cognitive impairment. This study compared care home resident and staff proxy responses for two measures,... Read More about Measuring health related quality of life of care home residents: comparison of self-report with staff proxy responses.

A dynamic, modifiable model for estimating cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy: application to an RCT of self-help delivered by text message (2018)
Journal Article
Jones, M., Smith, M., Lewis, S., Parrott, S., & Coleman, T. (2019). A dynamic, modifiable model for estimating cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy: application to an RCT of self-help delivered by text message. Addiction, 114(2), 353-365. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14476

Background/Aims: Previous evaluations of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy have several limitations. Our solution to these limitations is the Economics of Smoking in Pregnancy (ESIP) model which estimates the lifetime cost-effectiveness of... Read More about A dynamic, modifiable model for estimating cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions in pregnancy: application to an RCT of self-help delivered by text message.

Comparison of nicotine exposure during pregnancy when smoking and abstinent with nicotine replacement therapy: systematic review and meta-analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Hickson, C., Lewis, S., Campbell, K. A., Cooper, S., Berlin, I., Claire, R., …Coleman, T. (2019). Comparison of nicotine exposure during pregnancy when smoking and abstinent with nicotine replacement therapy: systematic review and meta-analysis. Addiction, 114(3), 406-424. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14473

Background and aims: Smoking during pregnancy is strongly associated with negative pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Some guidelines recommend nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for smoking cessation during pregnancy but adherence with NRT is general... Read More about Comparison of nicotine exposure during pregnancy when smoking and abstinent with nicotine replacement therapy: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Measuring health related quality of life of care home residents, comparison of self-report with staff proxy responses for EQ-5D-5L and HowRu: protocol for assessing proxy reliability in care home outcome testing (2018)
Journal Article
Usman, A., Lewis, S., Hinsliff-Smith, K., Long, A., Housley, G., Jordan, J., …Gordon, A. L. (2018). Measuring health related quality of life of care home residents, comparison of self-report with staff proxy responses for EQ-5D-5L and HowRu: protocol for assessing proxy reliability in care home outcome testing. BMJ Open, 8(8), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022127

Introduction Research into interventions to improve health and wellbeing for older people living in care homes is increasingly common. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is frequently used as an outcome measure but collecting both self-reported... Read More about Measuring health related quality of life of care home residents, comparison of self-report with staff proxy responses for EQ-5D-5L and HowRu: protocol for assessing proxy reliability in care home outcome testing.

Nicotine preloading for smoking cessation: the Preloading RCT (2018)
Journal Article
Aveyard, P., Lindson, N., Tearne, S., Adams, R., Ahmed, K., Alekna, R., …Pokhrel, S. (2018). Nicotine preloading for smoking cessation: the Preloading RCT. Health Technology Assessment, 22(41), 1-84. https://doi.org/10.3310/hta22410

Background: Nicotine preloading means using nicotine replacement therapy prior to a quit date while smoking normally. The aim is to reduce the drive to smoke, thereby reducing cravings for smoking after quit day, which are the main cause of early rel... Read More about Nicotine preloading for smoking cessation: the Preloading RCT.

Effects on abstinence of nicotine patch treatment prior to quitting smoking: a parallel, two-arm, pragmatic randomised trial (2018)
Journal Article
Aveyard, P., Lewis, S., Coleman, T., Dickinson, A., Randall, C., Orton, S., & Perdue, J. (2018). Effects on abstinence of nicotine patch treatment prior to quitting smoking: a parallel, two-arm, pragmatic randomised trial. BMJ, 361, Article k2164. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k2164

Objectives: Standard smoking cessation pharmacotherapy is recommended in the post-quit period, but may also facilitate abstinence if used prior to quitting. The objective was to examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of nicotine patch worn... Read More about Effects on abstinence of nicotine patch treatment prior to quitting smoking: a parallel, two-arm, pragmatic randomised trial.

Physical activity for antenatal and postnatal depression in women attempting to quit smoking: randomised controlled trial (2018)
Journal Article
Daley, A., Riaz, M., Lewis, S., Aveyard, P., Coleman, T., Manyonda, I., …Ussher, M. (2018). Physical activity for antenatal and postnatal depression in women attempting to quit smoking: randomised controlled trial. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 18, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-1784-3

Background: Antenatal depression is associated with harmful consequences for both the mother and child. One intervention that might be effective is participation in regular physical activity although data on this question in pregnant smokers is curre... Read More about Physical activity for antenatal and postnatal depression in women attempting to quit smoking: randomised controlled trial.

Vape shops: who uses them and what do they do? (2018)
Journal Article
Pattinson, J., Lewis, S., Bains, M., Britton, J., & Langley, T. (2018). Vape shops: who uses them and what do they do?. BMC Public Health, 18, Article 541. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5467-9

Background: ‘Vape shops’ are a popular source for buying electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and related products. The products that vape shops sell, their marketing techniques and the extent to which they provide information or encouragement to smo... Read More about Vape shops: who uses them and what do they do?.

Accurate identification of hospital admissions from care homes: development and validation of an automated algorithm (2017)
Journal Article
Housley, G., Lewis, S., Usman, A., Gordon, A. L., & Shaw, D. E. (2018). Accurate identification of hospital admissions from care homes: development and validation of an automated algorithm. Age and Ageing, 47(3), 387-391. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afx182

Background: measuring the complex needs of care home residents is crucial for resource allocation. Hospital patient administration systems (PAS) may not accurately identify admissions from care homes. Objective: to develop and validate an accurate,... Read More about Accurate identification of hospital admissions from care homes: development and validation of an automated algorithm.

Predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2017)
Journal Article
Riaz, M., Lewis, S., Naughton, F., & Ussher, M. (2018). Predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Addiction, 113(4), 610-622. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14135

AIM: To identify factors found in the research literature to be associated with smoking cessation in pregnancy. METHODS: Electronic searches of the bibliographic databases of PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Elsevier, Scopus and ISI Web of Science were... Read More about Predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Frequency of stepping down antibiotics and nebuliser treatment is lower at weekends compared to weekdays: an observational study (2017)
Journal Article
Lewis, S., Langley, T., Lacey, J., Skelly, R., Norwood, M., Sturrock, N., & Fogarty, A. W. (2017). Frequency of stepping down antibiotics and nebuliser treatment is lower at weekends compared to weekdays: an observational study. Clinical Medicine, 17(6), https://doi.org/10.7861/clinmedicine.17-6-504

We hypothesised that delays in providing non-urgent medication step-downs at weekends to medical management may be associated with increased length of stay.In a novel use of electronic prescribing data, we analysed emergency admissions from a busy ac... Read More about Frequency of stepping down antibiotics and nebuliser treatment is lower at weekends compared to weekdays: an observational study.

Rapidly increasing trend of recorded alcohol consumption since the end of the armed conflict in Sri Lanka (2017)
Journal Article
Nugawela, M. D., Lewis, S., Szatkowski, L., & Langley, T. (2017). Rapidly increasing trend of recorded alcohol consumption since the end of the armed conflict in Sri Lanka. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 52(5), 550-556. https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agx044

Aim: To evaluate temporal changes in recorded alcohol consumption in Sri Lanka during and after the armed conflict 1998 – 2013. Methods: District level alcohol sales, and mid-year population data for the whole study period (1998-2013) were consis... Read More about Rapidly increasing trend of recorded alcohol consumption since the end of the armed conflict in Sri Lanka.

Development and evaluation of an intervention providing insight into the tobacco industry to prevent smoking uptake: a mixed-methods study (2016)
Journal Article
Szatkowski, L., Taylor, J. A., Taylor, A., Lewis, S., Britton, J., McNeill, A., …Bains, M. (2016). Development and evaluation of an intervention providing insight into the tobacco industry to prevent smoking uptake: a mixed-methods study. Public Health Research, 4(9), https://doi.org/10.3310/phr04090

Background Smokers who start smoking at an early age are less likely to quit and more likely to die from their habit. Evidence from the US Truth® campaign suggests that interventions focusing on tobacco industry practices and ethics may be effecti... Read More about Development and evaluation of an intervention providing insight into the tobacco industry to prevent smoking uptake: a mixed-methods study.

Protecting children from secondhand smoke: a mixed-methods feasibility study of a novel smoke-free home intervention (2016)
Journal Article
Marsh, J., McNeill, A., Lewis, S., Coleman, T., Bains, M., Larwood, A., …Jones, L. L. (2016). Protecting children from secondhand smoke: a mixed-methods feasibility study of a novel smoke-free home intervention. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 2, Article 53. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40814-016-0094-7

Background: Globally, 40 % of children under 14 years are regularly exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS), typically in their homes. There is limited evidence of the effectiveness of interventions to reduce children’s SHS exposure,and so the aim of this... Read More about Protecting children from secondhand smoke: a mixed-methods feasibility study of a novel smoke-free home intervention.

“I was a full time proper smoker”: A qualitative exploration of smoking in the home after childbirth among women who relapse postpartum (2016)
Journal Article
Orton, S., Coleman, T., Lewis, S., Cooper, S., & Jones, L. L. (2016). “I was a full time proper smoker”: A qualitative exploration of smoking in the home after childbirth among women who relapse postpartum. PLoS ONE, 11(6), e0157525. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157525

Background: Many women stop smoking during pregnancy but relapse shortly afterwards, potentially putting their infants at risk of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Women who were able to stop during pregnancy may be a motivated group, receptive to m... Read More about “I was a full time proper smoker”: A qualitative exploration of smoking in the home after childbirth among women who relapse postpartum.

Which measures of cigarette dependence are predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy? Analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial (2016)
Journal Article
Riaz, M., Lewis, S., Coleman, T., Aveyard, P., West, R., Naughton, F., & Ussher, M. (in press). Which measures of cigarette dependence are predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy? Analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial. Addiction, 111(9), https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13395

Aims: To examine the ability of different common measures of cigarette dependence to predict smoking cessation during pregnancy. Design: Secondary analysis of data from a parallel-group randomized controlled trial of physical activity for smoking... Read More about Which measures of cigarette dependence are predictors of smoking cessation during pregnancy? Analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial.

Screening for atrial fibrillation: a cross-sectional survey of healthcare professionals in primary care (2016)
Journal Article
Taggar, J., Coleman, T., Lewis, S., & Jones, M. (2016). Screening for atrial fibrillation: a cross-sectional survey of healthcare professionals in primary care. PLoS ONE, 11(4), Article e0152086. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152086

Introduction: Screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) in primary care has been recommended; however, the views of healthcare professionals (HCPs) are not known. This study aimed to determine the opinions of HCP about the feasibility of implementing s... Read More about Screening for atrial fibrillation: a cross-sectional survey of healthcare professionals in primary care.

Re-starting smoking in the postpartum period after receiving a smoking cessation intervention: a systematic review (2016)
Journal Article
Jones, M., Lewis, S., Parrott, S., Wormall, S., & Coleman, T. (2016). Re-starting smoking in the postpartum period after receiving a smoking cessation intervention: a systematic review. Addiction, 111(6), 981-990. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13309

Aims: In pregnant smoking cessation trial participants, to estimate (1) among women abstinent at the end of pregnancy, the proportion who re-start smoking at time-points afterwards (primary analysis) and (2) among all trial participants, the proporti... Read More about Re-starting smoking in the postpartum period after receiving a smoking cessation intervention: a systematic review.

Systematic critical review of previous economic evaluations of smoking cessation during pregnancy (2015)
Journal Article
Jones, M., Lewis, S., Parrott, S., & Coleman, T. (2015). Systematic critical review of previous economic evaluations of smoking cessation during pregnancy. BMJ Open, 5(11), Article e008998. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008998

Objective: To identify and critically assess previous economic evaluations of smoking cessation interventions delivered during pregnancy. Design: Qualitative review of studies with primary data collection or hypothetical modelling. Quality assesse... Read More about Systematic critical review of previous economic evaluations of smoking cessation during pregnancy.

The London Exercise And Pregnant smokers (LEAP) trial: a randomised controlled trial of physical activity for smoking cessation in pregnancy with an economic evaluation (2015)
Journal Article
Ussher, M., Lewis, S., Aveyard, P., Manyonda, I., West, R., Lewis, B., …Coleman, T. (in press). The London Exercise And Pregnant smokers (LEAP) trial: a randomised controlled trial of physical activity for smoking cessation in pregnancy with an economic evaluation. Health Technology Assessment, 19(84), https://doi.org/10.3310/hta19840

BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy is the main preventable cause of poor birth outcomes. Improved methods are needed to help women to stop smoking during pregnancy. Pregnancy provides a compelling rationale for physical activity (PA) interventions... Read More about The London Exercise And Pregnant smokers (LEAP) trial: a randomised controlled trial of physical activity for smoking cessation in pregnancy with an economic evaluation.

Accuracy of methods for detecting an irregular pulse and suspected atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2015)
Journal Article
Taggar, J. S., Coleman, T., Lewis, S., Heneghan, C., & Jones, M. (2016). Accuracy of methods for detecting an irregular pulse and suspected atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 23(12), 1330-1338. https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487315611347

Background: Pulse palpation has been recommended as the first step of screening to detect atrial fibrillation. We aimed to determine and compare the accuracy of different methods for detecting pulse irregularities caused by atrial fibrillation. Me... Read More about Accuracy of methods for detecting an irregular pulse and suspected atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Understanding pregnant smokers’ adherence to nicotine replacement therapy during a quit attempt: a qualitative study (2015)
Journal Article
Bowker, K., Campbell, K., Coleman, T., & Lewis, S. (in press). Understanding pregnant smokers’ adherence to nicotine replacement therapy during a quit attempt: a qualitative study. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 18(5), https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntv205

Background: Pregnant smokers may be offered nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) alongside behavioral support to assist with a quit attempt. Yet trials of NRT have found adherence to be low among pregnant women, and this has made it difficult to determ... Read More about Understanding pregnant smokers’ adherence to nicotine replacement therapy during a quit attempt: a qualitative study.

The effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements in increasing the prevalence of smoke-free homes (2015)
Journal Article
Lewis, S., Sims, M., Richardson, S., Langley, T., Szatkowski, L., McNeill, A., & Gilmore, A. B. (2015). The effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements in increasing the prevalence of smoke-free homes. BMC Public Health, 15, Article 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2207-2

BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence that tobacco control mass media campaigns can change smoking behaviour. In the UK, campaigns over the last decade have contributed to declines in smoking prevalence and been associated with falls in cigarett... Read More about The effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements in increasing the prevalence of smoke-free homes.

Changes in the rate of nicotine metabolism across pregnancy: a longitudinal study (2015)
Journal Article
Bowker, K., Lewis, S., Coleman, T., & Cooper, S. (2015). Changes in the rate of nicotine metabolism across pregnancy: a longitudinal study. Addiction, 110(11), https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13029

Aims: Increased nicotine metabolism during pregnancy could explain why nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) appears to be less effective on smoking cessation in pregnancy than in non-pregnant smokers, but little is known about nicotine metabolism acros... Read More about Changes in the rate of nicotine metabolism across pregnancy: a longitudinal study.

Economic evaluations of tobacco control mass media campaigns: a systematic review (2015)
Journal Article
Atusingwize, E., Lewis, S., & Langley, T. (2015). Economic evaluations of tobacco control mass media campaigns: a systematic review. Tobacco Control, 24(4), https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051579

BACKGROUND: International evidence shows that mass media campaigns are effective tobacco control interventions. However, they require substantial investment; a key question is whether their costs are justified by their benefits. The aim of this study... Read More about Economic evaluations of tobacco control mass media campaigns: a systematic review.

Measuring alcohol consumption in population surveys: a review of international guidelines and comparison with surveys in England (2015)
Journal Article
Nugawela, M. D., Langley, T., Szatkowski, L., & Lewis, S. (2016). Measuring alcohol consumption in population surveys: a review of international guidelines and comparison with surveys in England. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 51(1), 84-92. https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agv073

Aims: To review the international guidelines and recommendations on survey instruments for measurement of alcohol consumption in population surveys, and to examine how national surveys in England meet the core recommendations. Methods: A systematic... Read More about Measuring alcohol consumption in population surveys: a review of international guidelines and comparison with surveys in England.

Physical activity for smoking cessation in pregnancy: randomised controlled trial (2015)
Journal Article
Ussher, M., Lewis, S., Aveyard, P., Manyonda, I., West, R., Lewis, B., …Coleman, T. (2015). Physical activity for smoking cessation in pregnancy: randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 350, Article h2145. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h2145

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a physical activity intervention for smoking cessation during pregnancy. Design: Parallel group, randomised controlled, multicentre trial. Setting: 13 hospitals in England, April 2009 to January 20... Read More about Physical activity for smoking cessation in pregnancy: randomised controlled trial.

Do cravings predict smoking cessation in smokers calling a national quit line: secondary analyses from a randomised trial for the utility of ‘urges to smoke’ measures (2015)
Journal Article
Taggar, J. S., Lewis, S., Docherty, G., Bauld, L., McEwen, A., & Coleman, T. (in press). Do cravings predict smoking cessation in smokers calling a national quit line: secondary analyses from a randomised trial for the utility of ‘urges to smoke’ measures. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 10(15), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-015-0011-8

BACKGROUND: Single-item urges to smoke measures have been contemplated as important measures of nicotine dependence This study aimed to prospectively determine the relationships between measures of craving to smoke and smoking cessation, and compare... Read More about Do cravings predict smoking cessation in smokers calling a national quit line: secondary analyses from a randomised trial for the utility of ‘urges to smoke’ measures.

Maternal smoking and the risk of still birth: systematic review and meta-analysis (2015)
Journal Article
Marufu, T. C., Ahankari, A. S., Coleman, T., & Lewis, S. (in press). Maternal smoking and the risk of still birth: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health, 15, Article 239. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1552-5

BACKGROUND: Smoking in pregnancy is known to be associated with a range of adverse pregnancy outcomes, yet there is a high prevalence of smoking among pregnant women in many countries, and it remains a major public health concern. We have conducted a... Read More about Maternal smoking and the risk of still birth: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Accuracy of methods for diagnosing atrial fibrillation using 12-lead ECG: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2015)
Journal Article
Taggar, J. S., Coleman, T., Lewis, S., Heneghan, C., & Jones, M. (2015). Accuracy of methods for diagnosing atrial fibrillation using 12-lead ECG: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Cardiology, 184, 175-183. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.02.014

Background: Screening for atrial fibrillation (AF) using 12-lead-electrocardiograms (ECGs) has been recommended; however, the best method for interpreting ECGs to diagnose AF is not known. We compared accuracy of methods for diagnosing AF from ECGs.... Read More about Accuracy of methods for diagnosing atrial fibrillation using 12-lead ECG: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

How does the emotive content of televised anti-smoking mass media campaigns influence monthly calls to the NHS Stop Smoking helpline in England? (2014)
Journal Article
Richardson, S., Langley, T., Szatkowski, L., Sims, M., Gilmore, A., McNeill, A., & Lewis, S. (2014). How does the emotive content of televised anti-smoking mass media campaigns influence monthly calls to the NHS Stop Smoking helpline in England?. Preventive Medicine, 69, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.08.030

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different types of televised mass media campaign content on calls to the English NHS Stop Smoking helpline. METHOD: We used UK government-funded televised tobacco control campaigns from April 2005 to April... Read More about How does the emotive content of televised anti-smoking mass media campaigns influence monthly calls to the NHS Stop Smoking helpline in England?.

Use of varenicline for smoking cessation treatment in UK primary care: an association rule mining analysis (2014)
Journal Article
Huang, Y., Lewis, S., & Britton, J. (2014). Use of varenicline for smoking cessation treatment in UK primary care: an association rule mining analysis. BMC Public Health, 14, Article 1024. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1024

BACKGROUND: Varenicline is probably the most effective smoking cessation pharmacotherapy, but is less widely used than nicotine replacement therapy. We therefore set out to identify the characteristics of numerically important groups of patients who... Read More about Use of varenicline for smoking cessation treatment in UK primary care: an association rule mining analysis.

The SNAP trial: A randomised placebo-controlled trial of nicotine replacement therapy in pregnancy - Clinical effectiveness and safety until 2 years after delivery, with economic evaluation (2014)
Journal Article
Cooper, S., Lewis, S., Thornton, J., Marlow, N., Watts, K., Britton, J., …Coleman, T. (2014). The SNAP trial: A randomised placebo-controlled trial of nicotine replacement therapy in pregnancy - Clinical effectiveness and safety until 2 years after delivery, with economic evaluation. Health Technology Assessment, 18(54), 1-128. https://doi.org/10.3310/hta18540

Background: Smoking during pregnancy causes many adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is effective for cessation outside pregnancy but efficacy and safety in pregnancy are unknown. We hypothesised that NRT would in... Read More about The SNAP trial: A randomised placebo-controlled trial of nicotine replacement therapy in pregnancy - Clinical effectiveness and safety until 2 years after delivery, with economic evaluation.

Nicotine patch preloading for smoking cessation (the preloading trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial (2014)
Journal Article
Lindson-Hawley, N., Coleman, T., Docherty, G., Hajek, P., Lewis, S., Lycett, D., …Aveyard, P. (2014). Nicotine patch preloading for smoking cessation (the preloading trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 15(296), https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-15-296

Background: The use of nicotine replacement therapy before quitting smoking is called nicotine preloading. Standard smoking cessation protocols suggest commencing nicotine replacement therapy only on the first day of quitting smoking (quit day) aimin... Read More about Nicotine patch preloading for smoking cessation (the preloading trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements with different types of emotional content on tobacco use in England, 2004–2010 (2014)
Journal Article
Sims, M., Langley, T., Lewis, S., Richardson, S., Szatkowski, L., McNeill, A., & Gilmore, A. B. (in press). Effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements with different types of emotional content on tobacco use in England, 2004–2010. Tobacco Control, 25(1), https://doi.org/10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051454

Aim: To examine the effects of tobacco control television advertisements with positive and negative emotional content on adult smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption. Design: Analysis of monthly cross-sectional surveys using generalised addi... Read More about Effectiveness of tobacco control television advertisements with different types of emotional content on tobacco use in England, 2004–2010.

Comparison of cotinine levels in pregnant women while smoking and when using nicotine replacement therapy (2014)
Journal Article
Bowker, K. A., Lewis, S., Coleman, T., Vaz, L. R., & Cooper, S. (2014). Comparison of cotinine levels in pregnant women while smoking and when using nicotine replacement therapy. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 16(6), https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntu029

BACKGROUND: Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) helps smokers quit smoking, but trials indicate that there is no evidence that it is effective during pregnancy. As metabolism increases during pregnancy, NRT may deliver insufficient nicotine to allevia... Read More about Comparison of cotinine levels in pregnant women while smoking and when using nicotine replacement therapy.

Effectiveness of tobacco control television advertising in changing tobacco use in England: a population‐based cross‐sectional study (2014)
Journal Article
Sims, M., Salway, R., Langley, T., Lewis, S., McNeill, A., Szatkowski, L., & Gilmore, A. B. (2014). Effectiveness of tobacco control television advertising in changing tobacco use in England: a population‐based cross‐sectional study. Addiction, 109(6), https://doi.org/10.1111/add.12501

AIM: To examine whether government‐funded tobacco control television advertising shown in England between 2002 and 2010 reduced adult smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption. DESIGN: Analysis of monthly cross‐sectional surveys using generalis... Read More about Effectiveness of tobacco control television advertising in changing tobacco use in England: a population‐based cross‐sectional study.

The freeze on mass media campaigns in England: a natural experiment of the impact of tobacco control campaigns on quitting behaviour (2014)
Journal Article
Langley, T., Szatkowski, L., Lewis, S., McNeill, A., Gilmore, A., Salway, R., & Sims, M. (2014). The freeze on mass media campaigns in England: a natural experiment of the impact of tobacco control campaigns on quitting behaviour. Addiction, 109(6), https://doi.org/10.1111/add.12448

Aims To measure the impact of the suspension of tobacco control mass media campaigns in England in April 2010 on measures of smoking cessation behaviour. Design Interrupted time series design using routinely collected population-level dat... Read More about The freeze on mass media campaigns in England: a natural experiment of the impact of tobacco control campaigns on quitting behaviour.

The impact of televised tobacco control advertising content on campaign recall: evidence from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) United Kingdom Survey (2014)
Journal Article
Richardson, S., McNeill, A., Langley, T., Sims, M., Gilmore, A. B., Szatkowski, L., …Lewis, S. (2014). The impact of televised tobacco control advertising content on campaign recall: evidence from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) United Kingdom Survey. BMC Public Health, 14, Article 432. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-432

BACKGROUND: Although there is some evidence to support an association between exposure to televised tobacco control campaigns and recall among youth, little research has been conducted among adults. In addition, no previous work has directly compared... Read More about The impact of televised tobacco control advertising content on campaign recall: evidence from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) United Kingdom Survey.

A 2-year randomised placebo-controlled trial of doxycycline for lymphangioleiomyomatosis (2014)
Journal Article
Chang, W. Y., Cane, J. L., Kumaran, M., Lewis, S., Tattersfield, A. E., & Johnson, S. R. (2014). A 2-year randomised placebo-controlled trial of doxycycline for lymphangioleiomyomatosis. European Respiratory Journal, 43(4), https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00167413

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is characterised by lung cysts and airflow obstruction. Matrix metalloproteinases have been implicated in lung destruction in LAM. We performed a randomised, double-blind trial, comparing the matrix metalloproteinases i... Read More about A 2-year randomised placebo-controlled trial of doxycycline for lymphangioleiomyomatosis.

Characterizing tobacco control mass media campaigns in England (2013)
Journal Article
Langley, T., Lewis, S., McNeill, A., Gilmore, A., Szatkowski, L., West, R., & Sims, M. (2013). Characterizing tobacco control mass media campaigns in England. Addiction, 108(11), https://doi.org/10.1111/add.12293

Aims To characterize publically funded tobacco control campaigns in England between 2004 and 2010 and to explore if they were in line with recommendations from the literature in terms of their content and intensity. International evidence suggests t... Read More about Characterizing tobacco control mass media campaigns in England.

The role of nicotine replacement therapy for temporary abstinence in the home to protect children from environmental tobacco smoke exposure: a qualitative study with disadvantaged smokers (2013)
Journal Article
Atkinson, O., Coleman, T., McNeill, A., Lewis, S., & Jones, L. L. (2013). The role of nicotine replacement therapy for temporary abstinence in the home to protect children from environmental tobacco smoke exposure: a qualitative study with disadvantaged smokers. BMC Public Health, 13, Article 262. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-262

Background Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) has recently been licensed to help smokers to abstain from smoking for short time periods and recent studies have shown that 8-14% of smokers are regularly using NRT to cope when they cannot or are not a... Read More about The role of nicotine replacement therapy for temporary abstinence in the home to protect children from environmental tobacco smoke exposure: a qualitative study with disadvantaged smokers.

Acute medical unit comprehensive geriatric assessment intervention study (AMIGOS): Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (2011)
Journal Article
Edmans, J., Conroy, S., Harwood, R., Lewis, S., Elliott, R. A., Logan, P., …Gladman, J. (2011). Acute medical unit comprehensive geriatric assessment intervention study (AMIGOS): Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 12, Article 200. https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-12-200

Background Many older people presenting to Acute Medical Units (AMU) are discharged after only a short stay (< 72 hours), yet many re-present to hospital or die within 1 year. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment may improve patient outcomes for this... Read More about Acute medical unit comprehensive geriatric assessment intervention study (AMIGOS): Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.