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Opening a window on probation cultures: a photographic imagination (2017)
Book
Worrall, A., Carr, N., & Robinson, G. (2017). Opening a window on probation cultures: a photographic imagination. In M. Brown, & E. Carrabine (Eds.), Routledge handbook of visual criminologyRoutledge

Probation workers are among the least visible in the criminal justice system. Drawing on a pilot photographic project involving probation workers from several European countries, this chapter considers selected photographs and photo-elicitation data... Read More

Pre-sentence reports and individualised justice: consistency, temporality and contingency (2017)
Journal Article
Carr, N., & Maguire, N. (2017). Pre-sentence reports and individualised justice: consistency, temporality and contingency. Irish Probation Journal, 14(1), ISSN 1649-6396

This paper reports on selected findings from a study on pre-sentence reports (PSRs) in the Republic of Ireland, entitled Individualising Justice: Pre-Sentence Reports in the Republic of Ireland (Maguire and Carr, 2017). The research was commissioned... Read More

The double-bind: looked after children, care leavers, and criminal justice (2016)
Book Chapter
Carr, N., & McAlister, S. (2016). The double-bind: looked after children, care leavers, and criminal justice. In P. Snow, & P. Mendes (Eds.), Young people transitioning from care: international research policy and practicePalgrave Macmillan

Research attention has focused on the reasons that lead young people from care to come into contact with the justice system at higher rates than young people within the general population. Findings from this literature can be distilled into three mai... Read More

Punishment, youth justice and cultural contingency: towards a balanced approach (2016)
Journal Article
Hamilton, C., Fitzgibbon, W., & Carr, N. (2016). Punishment, youth justice and cultural contingency: towards a balanced approach. Youth Justice, 16(3), 226-245. doi:10.1177/1473225415619500

Reflecting developments in the broader penological realm, accounts have been advanced over the last number of decades about a ‘punitive turn’ in the youth justice systems of Western democracies. Against the background of this work, this project seeks... Read More

Picturing probation: exploring the utility of visual methods in comparative research (2015)
Journal Article
Carr, N., Bauwens, A., Bosker, J., Donker, A., Robinson, G., Sucic, I., & Worrall, A. (2015). Picturing probation: exploring the utility of visual methods in comparative research. European Journal of Probation, 7(3), doi:10.1177/2066220315617269. ISSN 2066-2203

A previous review of research on the practice of offender supervision identified the predominant use of interview-based methodologies and limited use of other research approaches (Robinson and Svensson, 2013). It also found that most research has t... Read More

Experiences of youth justice: youth justice discourses and their multiple effects (2014)
Journal Article
McAlister, S., & Carr, N. (2014). Experiences of youth justice: youth justice discourses and their multiple effects. Youth Justice, 14(3), doi:10.1177/1473225414549694. ISSN 1473-2254

Interventions within youth justice systems draw on a range of rationales and philosophies. Traditionally demarcated by a welfare/justice binary, the complex array of contemporary rationales meld different philosophies and practices, suggesting a muta... Read More

Invisible from view: leaving and aftercare provision in the Republic of Ireland (2014)
Journal Article
Carr, N. (2014). Invisible from view: leaving and aftercare provision in the Republic of Ireland. Australian Social Work, 67(1), doi:10.1080/0312407X.2013.868014. ISSN 0312-407X

The adequacy of provisions for young people leaving care and in aftercare in the Republic of Ireland have been the subject of recent policy attention. A landmark report, the Ryan Report (2009), into historic abuse in state institutions recommended st... Read More