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Punishment, youth justice and cultural contingency: towards a balanced approach

Hamilton, C.; Fitzgibbon, W.; Carr, N.


C. Hamilton

W. Fitzgibbon

Professor of Criminology


Reflecting developments in the broader penological realm, accounts have been advanced over the last number of decades about a ‘punitive turn’ in the youth justice systems of Western democracies. Against the background of this work, this project seeks to identify convergent and divergent trends in the youth justice systems of England, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland as well as the rationalities and discourses animating these. The results lend support to research emphasising the continued salience of national, regional and local factors on penal outcomes but also suggest the need to steer an analytical path somewhere between nomothetic (convergent) and idiographic (divergent) accounts.


Hamilton, C., Fitzgibbon, W., & Carr, N. (2016). Punishment, youth justice and cultural contingency: towards a balanced approach. Youth Justice, 16(3), 226-245.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 1, 2015
Online Publication Date Jan 10, 2016
Publication Date Dec 1, 2016
Deposit Date Nov 2, 2018
Journal Youth Justice
Print ISSN 1473-2254
Electronic ISSN 1747-6283
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 16
Issue 3
Pages 226-245
Keywords Comparative youth justice; Convergence; Divergence; Punitive turn
Public URL
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Additional Information Copyright © 2016 by SAGE Publications