Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

The Helm Wind of Cross Fell

Veale, Lucy; Endfield, G.H.


Lucy Veale

G.H. Endfield


Crossfell is the highest point along the 268-mile route of the Pennine Way, at 893 metres (Figure 1). The climate of the North Pennines is temperate, with a small area classified as subarctic (Manley, 1936). The hills generally receive more precipitation, stronger winds, and colder temperatures than the surrounding areas. They are also home to the Helm, England’s only named wind.


Veale, L., & Endfield, G. (2014). The Helm Wind of Cross Fell. Weather, 69(1),

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2014
Deposit Date Feb 26, 2015
Publicly Available Date Feb 26, 2015
Journal Weather
Print ISSN 0043-1656
Electronic ISSN 0043-1656
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 69
Issue 1
Keywords Helm Wind; Pennines; History; Newspapers; Archives; Accounts
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is the accepted version of the following article: Veale, L. and Endfield, G. (2014), The Helm Wind of Cross Fell. Weather, 69: 3–7. doi: 10.1002/wea.2165, which has been published in final form at


You might also like

Downloadable Citations