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Consequences of resource competition for sex allocation and discriminative behaviors in a hyperparasitoid wasp

Visser, Bertanne; Le Lann, C�cile; Snaas, Helen; Hardy, Ian C.W.; Harvey, Jeffrey A.

Authors

Bertanne Visser

C�cile Le Lann

Helen Snaas

IAN HARDY IAN.HARDY@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Associate Professor & Reader in Animalpopulation Biology

Jeffrey A. Harvey



Abstract

Population-wide mating patterns can select for equal parental investment in both sexes, but limiting resources, such as mates or developmental substrates, can increase competition leading to biased sex ratios in favor of either sex. Such competition for resources typically occurs in spatially structured populations, where dispersal is limited. In this laboratory study, we investigate if and how resource competition affects sex allocation, discriminative behaviors and competitive interactions of the wingless hyperparasitoid Gelis acororum, which exploits patchily distributed hosts. We show that G. acororum sex ratios are male-biased and that this is not a consequence of constrained reproduction by virgin females. Our results suggest that this pattern of reproductive investment, which is only rarely observed in parasitoids, is a consequence of resource limitation, in terms of hosts rather than mates. Further, G. acororum appears not to respond to intrinsic host quality or to prior oviposition in its host. When competing inter-specifically for host resources, G. acororum outcompetes its congener Gelis agilis, but does so mainly when ovipositing on the host first. Overall, our results suggest that host resource limitation could be an important environmental factor shaping sex allocation in G. acororum, with competition taking place both intra- and inter-specifically. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Citation

Visser, B., Le Lann, C., Snaas, H., Hardy, I. C., & Harvey, J. A. (2014). Consequences of resource competition for sex allocation and discriminative behaviors in a hyperparasitoid wasp. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 68(1), 105-113. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00265-013-1627-1

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 26, 2013
Online Publication Date Sep 13, 2013
Publication Date 2014-01
Deposit Date Mar 23, 2017
Publicly Available Date Mar 23, 2017
Journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Print ISSN 0340-5443
Electronic ISSN 1432-0762
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 68
Issue 1
Pages 105-113
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s00265-013-1627-1
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/997692
Publisher URL http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00265-013-1627-1
Additional Information The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00265-013-1627-1

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