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Application of coupled electro-thermal and physics-of-failure-based analysis to the design of accelerated life tests for power modules

Musallam, Mahera; Yin, Chunyan; Bailey, Chris; Johnson, C. Mark

Authors

Mahera Musallam

Chunyan Yin

Chris Bailey

C. Mark Johnson



Abstract

In the reliability theme a central activity is to investigate, characterize and understand the contributory wear-out and overstress mechanisms to meet through-life reliability targets. For power modules, it is critical to understand the response of typical wear-out mechanisms, for example wire-bond lifting and solder degradation, to in-service environmental and load-induced thermal cycling. This paper presents the use of a reduced-order thermal model coupled with physics-of-failure-based life models to quantify the wear-out rates and life consumption for the dominant failure mechanisms under prospective in-service and qualification test conditions. When applied in the design of accelerated life and qualification tests it can be used to design tests that separate the failure mechanisms (e.g. wire-bond and substrate-solder) and provide predictions of conditions that yield a minimum elapsed test time. The combined approach provides a useful tool for reliability assessment and estimation of remaining useful life which can be used at the design stage or in-service. An example case study shows that it is possible to determine the actual power cycling frequency for which failure occurs in the shortest elapsed time. The results demonstrate that bond-wire degradation is the dominant failure mechanism for all power cycling conditions whereas substrate-solder failure dominates for externally applied (ambient or passive) thermal cycling.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2014
Journal Microelectronics Reliability
Print ISSN 0026-2714
Electronic ISSN 0026-2714
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 54
Issue 1
APA6 Citation Musallam, M., Yin, C., Bailey, C., & Johnson, C. M. (2014). Application of coupled electro-thermal and physics-of-failure-based analysis to the design of accelerated life tests for power modules. Microelectronics Reliability, 54(1), doi:10.1016/j.microrel.2013.08.017
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microrel.2013.08.017
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0026271413003284
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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