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Group memory rehabilitation for people with multiple sclerosis: a feasibility randomized controlled trial

Carr, Sara; das Nair, Roshan; Schwartz, Annette; Lincoln, Nadina

Authors

Sara Carr

ROSHAN NAIR Roshan.dasnair@nottingham.ac.uk
Professor of Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology

Annette Schwartz

Nadina Lincoln Nadina.Lincoln@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Objective: To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a group memory rehabilitation programme combining compensation and restitution strategies.
Design: Randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Community.

Participants: People with multiple sclerosis who reported memory difficulties were recruited.

Interventions: A group memory rehabilitation programme, comprising ten 1.5-hour sessions, was compared with a waiting list control.

Main measures: The primary outcome was the Everyday Memory Questionnaire. Secondary outcomes included the General Health Questionnaire 28 and MS Impact Scale administered four and eight months after randomization. In addition, those in the intervention group gave feedback about the intervention.

Results: Forty-eight participants were recruited. They were aged 34–72 years (mean 54.3, SD 11.0) and 33 (69%) were women. There were no significant differences between the two groups on the Everyday Memory Questionnaire or MS Impact Scale (P > 0.05) at four or eight months after randomization. However, the intervention group reported significantly better mood than controls on the GHQ-28 at eight months (P = 0.04). Participants showed minimal benefit from the memory rehabilitation programme on quantitative measures but the intervention was well received, as indicated by positive feedback at the end of the intervention.

Conclusions: There was no significant effect of the intervention on memory but there was a significant effect on mood. The results suggest a larger scale study is justified.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 1, 2014
Journal Clinical Rehabilitation
Print ISSN 0269-2155
Electronic ISSN 1477-0873
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 28
Issue 6
APA6 Citation Carr, S., das Nair, R., Schwartz, A., & Lincoln, N. (2014). Group memory rehabilitation for people with multiple sclerosis: a feasibility randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 28(6), https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215513512336
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215513512336
Keywords Multiple sclerosis, memory, rehabilitation, groups, cognition
Publisher URL http://cre.sagepub.com/content/28/6/552
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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