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Bayesian registration of functions and curves

Cheng, Wen; Dryden, Ian L.; Huang, Xianzheng

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Wen Cheng

Professor of Statistics

Xianzheng Huang


Bayesian analysis of functions and curves is considered, where warping and other geometrical transformations are often required for meaningful comparisons. The functions and curves of interest are represented using the recently introduced square root velocity function, which enables a warping invariant elastic distance to be calculated in a straightforward manner. We distinguish between various spaces of interest: the original space, the ambient space after standardizing, and the quotient space after removing a group of transformations. Using Gaussian process models in the ambient space and Dirichlet priors for the warping functions, we explore Bayesian inference for curves and functions. Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms are introduced for simulating from the posterior. We also compare ambient and quotient space estimators for mean shape, and explain their frequent similarity in many practical problems using a Laplace approximation. Simulation studies are carried out, as well as practical alignment of growth rate functions and shape classification of mouse vertebra outlines in evolutionary biology. We also compare the performance of our Bayesian method with some alternative approaches.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2015
Deposit Date Jul 6, 2015
Publicly Available Date Jul 6, 2015
Journal Bayesian Analysis
Print ISSN 1936-0975
Electronic ISSN 1936-0975
Publisher International Society for Bayesian Analysis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2015
Keywords Ambient space, Dirichlet, Gaussian process, Quotient space, Shape, Warp.
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