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A violent legacy: policing insurrection in South Africa from Sharpeville to Marikana

Dixon, Bill

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Abstract

Fifty-two years separate the fatal shootings by police of 69 anti-apartheid protestors at Sharpeville on 21st March 1960 and of 34 striking miners at Marikana on 16th August 2012. The parallels between the two ‘massacres’ are easy to overstate; but both involved the use of lethal violence by the police against people taking part in insurrectionary action. Drawing on Marenin’s (1982) work on the relative autonomy of the police, this paper argues that events at Marikana have to be seen in the context of South Africa’s failure to tackle the structural violence of apartheid and the use of direct, personal violence by the police before and since the country became a constitutional democracy in 1994.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 1, 2015
Deposit Date Feb 15, 2016
Publicly Available Date Feb 15, 2016
Journal British Journal of Criminology
Print ISSN 0007-0955
Electronic ISSN 0007-0955
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 55
Issue 6
DOI https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azv056
Keywords South Africa, Violence, Police, Marikana
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/981225
Publisher URL http://bjc.oxfordjournals.org/content/55/6/1131.full
Additional Information This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in British Journal of Criminology following peer review. The version of record Dixon, Bill (2015) A violent legacy: policing insurrection
in South Africa from Sharpeville to Marikana. British
Journal of Criminology, 55 (6). pp. 1131-1148 is available online at: http://bjc.oxfordjournals.org/content/55/6/1131.full

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