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#Scanners: Exploring the Control of Adaptive Films using Brain-Computer Interaction

Pike, Matthew; Ramchurn, Richard; Benford, Steve; Wilson, Max L.

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Authors

Matthew Pike

Richard Ramchurn

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STEVE BENFORD steve.benford@nottingham.ac.uk
Dunford Chair in Computer Science



Abstract

This paper explores the design space of bio-responsive entertainment, in this case using a film that responds to the brain and blink data of users. A film was created with four parallel channels of footage, where blinking and levels of attention and meditation, as recorded by a commercially available EEG device, affected which footage participants saw. As a performance-led piece of research in the wild, this experience, named #Scanners, was presented at a week long national exhibition in the UK. We examined the experiences of 35 viewers, and found that these forms of partially-involuntary control created engaging and enjoyable, but sometimes distracting, experiences. We translate our findings into a two-dimensional design space between the extent of voluntary control that a physiological measure can provide against the level of conscious awareness that the user has of that control. This highlights that novel design opportunities exist when deviating from these two-dimensions - when giving up conscious control and when abstracting the affect of control. Reflection on of how viewers negotiated this space during an experience reveals novel design tactics.

Conference Name CHI'16: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Conference Location San Jose, California, USA
Start Date May 7, 2016
End Date May 12, 2016
Online Publication Date May 7, 2016
Publication Date May 7, 2016
Deposit Date Jan 22, 2016
Publicly Available Date May 7, 2016
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2016-May
Pages 5385-5396
Chapter Number CHI '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
ISBN 9781450333627
DOI https://doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858276
Keywords Control; BCI; TV & Film; Interactive Multimedia.
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/980302
Publisher URL https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/2858036.2858276
Additional Information © ACM 2016. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in Proceedings of the 34th Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2858036.2858276.
ISBN 9781450333627

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