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Robustness analysis and experimental validation of a fault detection and isolation method for the modular multilevel converter

Shao, Shuai; Watson, Alan James; Clare, Jon C.; Wheeler, Patrick

Authors

Shuai Shao eexss21@nottingham.ac.uk

Alan James Watson alan.watson@nottingham.ac.uk

Jon C. Clare jon.clare@nottingham.ac.uk

Patrick Wheeler pat.wheeler@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

This paper presents a fault detection and isolation (FDI) method for open-circuit faults of power semiconductor devices in a modular multilevel converter (MMC). The proposed FDI method is simple with only one sliding mode observer (SMO) equation and requires no additional transducers. The method is based on an SMO for the circulating current in an MMC. An open-circuit fault of power semiconductor device is detected when the observed circulating current diverges from the measured one. A fault is located by employing an assumption-verification process. To improve the robustness of the proposed FDI method, a new technique based on the observer injection term is introduced to estimate the value of the uncertainties and disturbances, this estimated value can be used to compensate the uncertainties and disturbances. As a result, the proposed FDI scheme can detect and locate an open-circuit fault in a power semiconductor device while ignoring parameter uncertainties, measurement error and other bounded disturbances. The FDI scheme has been implemented in a field programmable gate array (FPGA) using fixed point arithmetic and tested on a single phase MMC prototype. Experimental results under different load conditions show that an open-circuit faulty power semiconductor device in an MMC can be detected and located in less than 50ms.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 1, 2016
Journal IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Print ISSN 0885-8993
Electronic ISSN 0885-8993
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 5
APA6 Citation Shao, S., Watson, A. J., Clare, J. C., & Wheeler, P. (2016). Robustness analysis and experimental validation of a fault detection and isolation method for the modular multilevel converter. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 31(5), doi:10.1109/TPEL.2015.2462717
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2015.2462717
Keywords Fault detection and isolation, modular multilevel converter, sliding mode observer
Publisher URL http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=7172539
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information c2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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