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Effects of lameness treatment for claw horn lesions on lying behaviour in dairy cows

Miguel-Pacheco, Giuliana G.; Thomas, Heather J.; Kaler, Jasmeet; Craigon, Jim; Huxley, Jonathan N.

Authors

Giuliana G. Miguel-Pacheco

Heather J. Thomas

JASMEET KALER JASMEET.KALER@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Epidemiology & Precision Livestock Informatics

Jim Craigon

Jonathan N. Huxley jon.huxley@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

Lameness affects lying behaviour in dairy cattle, increasing total lying time and the number of lying bouts. However, there is limited information about the effect of lameness treatment on dairy cow behaviour. This study investigated the effect of four lameness treatments on lying behaviour (total lying time, number of bouts, average bout duration and laterality of lying) in dairy cows. Forty-four newly lame cows were treated randomly with one of four treatment protocols: trim only, trim + block, trim + NSAID, and trim + block + NSAID. Thirty-four non-lame control cows were matched by parity, days in milk, and farm-pen. Each cow had an accelerometer attached to the hind leg, lying behaviour data was collected over 5 days immediately after treatment and analysed using multilevel regression models.

Lame cows in three of the four treatment groups demonstrated no increase in lying time compared to non-lame controls. This finding is contrary to previous work and may reflect the enrolment criteria which favoured the selection of cows with mild disease i.e. before the behavioural impacts of lameness had manifested. Only cows in the treatment group which received a therapeutic trim and a foot block saw higher lying times post treatment. As this effect was not apparent in the group which received a NSAID in addition to a trim and a foot block, we hypothesise that this effect is caused by discomfort associated with the block. Where foot blocks are administered as part of treatment protocols, we propose that NSAIDs should be administered concurrently to alleviate the behavioural changes and likely discomfort associated with this treatment.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jun 1, 2016
Journal Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Print ISSN 0168-1591
Electronic ISSN 0168-1591
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 179
APA6 Citation Miguel-Pacheco, G. G., Thomas, H. J., Kaler, J., Craigon, J., & Huxley, J. N. (2016). Effects of lameness treatment for claw horn lesions on lying behaviour in dairy cows. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 179, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2016.04.001
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2016.04.001
Keywords Lameness; Claw horn lesions; Lying behaviour; Lameness treatment
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2016.04.001
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Applied Animal Behaviour Science 2016 - Accepted Manuscript.pdf (339 Kb)
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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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