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Indoor location based services challenges, requirements and usability of current solutions

Basiri, Anahid; Lohan, Elena Simona; Moore, Terry; Winstanley, Adam; Peltola, Pekka; Hill, Chris; Amirian, Pouria; Figueiredo e Silva, Pedro


Anahid Basiri

Elena Simona Lohan

Terry Moore

Adam Winstanley

Pekka Peltola

Chris Hill

Pouria Amirian

Pedro Figueiredo e Silva


Indoor Location Based Services (LBS), such as indoor navigation and tracking, still have to deal with both technical and non-technical challenges. For this reason, they have not yet found a prominent position in people’s everyday lives. Reliability and availability of indoor positioning technologies, the availability of up-to-date indoor maps, and privacy concerns associated with location data are some of the biggest challenges to their development. If these challenges were solved, or at least minimized, there would be more penetration into the user market. This paper studies the requirements of LBS applications, through a survey conducted by the authors, identifies the current challenges of indoor LBS, and reviews the available solutions that address the most important challenge, that of providing seamless indoor/outdoor positioning. The paper also looks at the potential of emerging solutions and the technologies that may help to handle this challenge.


Basiri, A., Lohan, E. S., Moore, T., Winstanley, A., Peltola, P., Hill, C., …Figueiredo e Silva, P. (2017). Indoor location based services challenges, requirements and usability of current solutions. Computer Science Review, 24,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 22, 2016
Online Publication Date Apr 25, 2017
Publication Date May 1, 2017
Deposit Date May 12, 2017
Publicly Available Date May 12, 2017
Journal Computer Science Review
Print ISSN 1574-0137
Electronic ISSN 1574-0137
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 24
Keywords indoor positioning; location-based services; location privacy
Public URL
Publisher URL


IndoorLBS-CSR22032017.pdf (730 Kb)

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