Whilst there is evidence for the impact of driving anxiety on behaviour, less exists for the impact of trait anxiety; what does exist is inconclusive. The current study explored the possibility that trait anxiety interacts with driving anxiety to impact the frequency of negative on-road thoughts and behaviours. An online survey was administered to participants with full driver’s licences, and the State-Trait Inventory for Cognitive and Somatic Anxiety, the Driving Cognitions Questionnaire, and the Driving Behaviour Survey, were completed. Moderation analyses suggested that in addition to an increase in social concerns and aggressive responses, high trait anxiety reduced positive associations between driving anxiety and exaggerated safety-cautious behaviours, as well as the general use of maladaptive reactions to stressful situations. As scores on these subscales were still higher regardless of reduced associations, it is argued that those with an anxious personality should be made aware of their potential to violate traffic norms in stressful situations, as well as those with high levels of driving anxiety.
Barnard, M. P., & Chapman, P. (2018). The moderating effect of trait anxiety on anxiety-related thoughts and actions whilst driving. Personality and Individual Differences, 135, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.07.027