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Development and evaluation of poly(dimethylsiloxane) based composite coatings for icephobic applications

Liu, Junpeng; Wang, Jie; Mazzola, Luca; Memon, Halar; Barman, Tamal; Turnbull, Barbara; Mingione, Giuseppe; Choi, Kwing-So; Hou, Xianghui

Development and evaluation of poly(dimethylsiloxane) based composite coatings for icephobic applications Thumbnail


Junpeng Liu

Jie Wang

Luca Mazzola

Halar Memon

Tamal Barman

Giuseppe Mingione

Professor of Fluid Mechanics

Xianghui Hou


Formation and accretion of ice on the leading edge surface of aircrafts wings may lead to disasters. The current de-icing system for aircraft will build up weight, increase energy consumption and add complexity to the aircraft systems. Development of icephobic coatings is a potential solution to prevent ice formation and/or reduce accretion on the critical surface of aircraft. Icephobic coatings based on poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) with modification by fluorosilane and incorporation of silica nanoparticles have been fabricated. The hydrophobicity of the coatings has been measured in normal conditions with atmospheric pressure and room temperature, showing improvement of hydrophobicity by the fluorination of PDMS and incorporation of silica nanoparticles. The water droplet icing behaviour shows better anti-icing performance for fluorinated PDMS (F-PDMS)/silica coatings with a rough surface. The ice adhesion strength test results show that F-PDMS coatings without silica nanoparticles have lower ice adhesion strength implying better de-icing performance. The wettability of the coatings was also measured at reduced pressure and temperature, to study the mechanism of higher ice adhesion strength of F-PDMS/silica coatings comparing with F-PDMS based coatings. For the design and fabrication of icephobic coatings, compromise on the roughness induced hydrophobicity may become a critical requirement to avoid mechanical interlock between the ice and the rough surface.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 18, 2018
Online Publication Date Jun 28, 2018
Publication Date Sep 15, 2018
Deposit Date Jul 4, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jun 29, 2019
Journal Surface and Coatings Technology
Print ISSN 0257-8972
Electronic ISSN 0257-8972
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 349
Keywords Icephobicity ; Poly (dimethylsiloxane) ; Wettability ; Ice adhesion strength ; Water droplet erosion
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