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Changes in gelatinisation and pasting properties of various starches (wheat, maize and waxy maize) by the addition of bacterial cellulose fibrils



William Macnaughtan

Sandra Hill

Tim Foster

Javier Enrione

John Mitchell


The aim of this work was to analyse the effect of bacterial cellulose fibrils (BCF) on the gelatinization profile and pasting properties of starches from different sources (wheat, maize and waxy maize) and amylose contents. Blends of 8% starch with different BCF levels (0, 0.5, 2, 6 and 10% based on the dry weight of starch) were prepared and tested by Rapid Visco-Analysis (RVA), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and both Optical and Polarized Light Microscopy. Results showed that BCF produce a significant modification of pasting properties. The pasting temperature was reduced but viscosities (peak, final, trough, breakdown and final) increased. The reduction in pasting temperature at the highest BCF addition was 200C higher for maize and wheat starches but only 20C higher for waxy maize starch. In contrast to the pasting temperature, the gelatinisation temperature by DSC for all three starches slightly varied upon BCF addition, but the gelatinisation enthalpy was reduced to a greater extent than values reported for the addition of other hydrocolloids to starch blends. Optical and polarized light microscopy showed the presence of domains rich in starch and highly aggregated BCF in all three starches evaluated. The increase in viscosity and decrease in pasting temperature are discussed in terms of changes in starch concentrations in the starch rich domain. These results open interesting perspectives in the use of bacterial cellulose and plant cell walls to design novel bio-composites to structure foods.


Díaz-Calderón, P., Macnaughtan, W., Hill, S., Foster, T., Enrione, J., & Mitchell, J. (2018). Changes in gelatinisation and pasting properties of various starches (wheat, maize and waxy maize) by the addition of bacterial cellulose fibrils. Food Hydrocolloids, 80,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 13, 2018
Online Publication Date Feb 16, 2018
Publication Date Jul 31, 2018
Deposit Date Jun 4, 2018
Publicly Available Date Feb 17, 2019
Journal Food Hydrocolloids
Print ISSN 0268-005X
Electronic ISSN 1873-7137
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 80
Keywords Bacterial cellulose; Starch; Gelatinisation; Pasting properties; Advanced materials
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