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CFD modeling and simulation of PEM fuel cell using OpenFOAM

Kone, Jean-Paul; Zhang, Xinyu; Yan, Yuying; Hu, Guilin; Ahmadi, Goodarz

Authors

Jean-Paul Kone

Xinyu Zhang

YUYING YAN YUYING.YAN@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Professor of Thermofluids Engineering

Guilin Hu

Goodarz Ahmadi



Abstract

A proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell is an electrolytic cell that converts chemical energy of hydrogen reacting with oxygen into electrical energy. To meet increasingly stringent application needs, improved performance and increased efficiency are paramount. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is an ideal means for achieving these improvements. In this paper, a comprehensive CFD-based tool that can accurately simulate the major transport phenomena which take place within a PEM fuel cell is presented. The tool is developed using OpenFOAM and it can be used to rapidly gain insights into the cell working processes. The base case results are compared with previous model results and experimental data. The present I-V curve shows better agreement with the experimental trend at low current densities. The simulation data also indicate that the chosen concentration constant has very significant impact on the concentration overpotential.

Citation

Kone, J., Zhang, X., Yan, Y., Hu, G., & Ahmadi, G. (in press). CFD modeling and simulation of PEM fuel cell using OpenFOAM. Energy Procedia, 145, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2018.04.011

Journal Article Type Article
Conference Name Applied Energy Symposium and Forum, Renewable Energy Integration with Mini/Microgrids, REM
End Date Oct 20, 2017
Acceptance Date Jul 1, 2017
Online Publication Date Jul 19, 2018
Deposit Date Aug 2, 2018
Publicly Available Date Aug 2, 2018
Journal Energy Procedia
Print ISSN 1876-6102
Electronic ISSN 1876-6102
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 145
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2018.04.011
Keywords Computational fluid dynamics; modelling; numerical; OpenFOAM; proton exchange membrane fuel cell; simulation
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/53232
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2018.04.011
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0



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