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Novel oral targeted therapies in inflammatory bowel disease

White, Jonathan Richard; Philips, Frank; Monaghan, Tanya M.; Fateen, Waleed; Samuel, Sunil; Ghosh, Subrata; Moran, Gordon W.


Jonathan Richard White

Frank Philips

Clinical Associate Professor in Luminal Gastroenterology

Waleed Fateen

Sunil Samuel

Subrata Ghosh

Professor of Gastroenterology


Background: There is a great unmet clinical need for efficacious, tolerable, economical and orally administrated drugs for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). New therapeutic avenues have become possible including the development of medications that target specific genetic pathways found to be relevant in other immune mediated diseases.
Aims: To provide an overview of recent clinical trials for new generation oral targeted medications that may have a future role in IBD management.
Methods: Pubmed and Medline searches were performed up to 01/03/18 using keywords: ‘IBD’, ‘UC’, ‘CD’, ‘inflammatory bowel disease’ ‘ulcerative colitis’, Crohn’s disease’ in combination with ‘phase’, ‘study’, ‘trial’, and ‘oral’. A manual search of the clinical trial register, article reference lists, abstracts from meetings of Digestive Disease Week, United European Gastroenterology Week and ECCO congress were also conducted.
Results: In randomised controlled trials primary efficacy endpoints were met for tofacitinib (JAK 1/3 inhibitor-phase III), upadacitinib (JAK 1 inhibitor-phase II) and AJM-300 (α4-integrin antagonist-phase II) in ulcerative colitis. Ozanimod (S1P receptor agonist-phase II) also demonstrated clinical remission. For Crohn’s disease, filgotinib (JAK1 inhibitor-phase II) met primary endpoints and laquinimod (quinolone-3-carboxide small molecule-phase II) was also efficacious. Trials using mongersen (SMAD7 inhibitor) and vidofludimus (dihydroorotate dehydrogenase inhibitor) have been halted.
Conclusions: This is potentially the start of an exciting new era in which multiple therapeutic options are at the disposal of physicians to treat IBD on an individualised basis. Head-to-head studies with existing treatments and longer term safety data are needed for this to be possible.


White, J. R., Philips, F., Monaghan, T. M., Fateen, W., Samuel, S., Ghosh, S., & Moran, G. W. (2018). Novel oral targeted therapies in inflammatory bowel disease. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 47(12), 1610-1622.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 25, 2018
Online Publication Date Apr 19, 2018
Publication Date Jun 30, 2018
Deposit Date Mar 26, 2018
Publicly Available Date Apr 20, 2019
Journal Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Print ISSN 0269-2813
Electronic ISSN 1365-2036
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 47
Issue 12
Pages 1610-1622
Keywords Inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, immunotherapy
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: White JR, Phillips F, Monaghan T, et al. Novel oralā€targeted therapies in inflammatory bowel disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2018;00:1–13. which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.


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