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The emergence of citizen diplomacy in EU-China relations:principles, pillars, pioneers, paradoxes

Fulda, Andreas



This analysis considers the phenomenon of citizen diplomacy in European Union [EU]–China relations. It begins by engaging with the global discourse about “new” diplomacy and outlines how society-centric citizen diplomacy differs from state-centric public diplomacy. After revealing that European policy-makers are only reluctantly acknowledging the role of laymen in foreign policymaking vis-à-vis China, it shows that whilst citizen diplomacy may be a new concept in EU–China relations, it is actually not a new practice. The empirical part of the exegesis traces the experiential learning amongst 12 European citizen diplomats who have engaged China in the activity fields of disability; psychoanalysis; non-governmental organisation twinning; human rights; climate change mitigation; welfare of orphans, abandoned disabled children and young people; youth dialogue; public participation; animal welfare; and inclusive performing arts. The final part makes use of the newly developed hexagon of intercultural communication and collaboration competence to reveal how the European citizen diplomats have managed to navigate the sometimes-treacherous political-administrative landscape in mainland China. European citizen diplomats have made manifold and often surprising contributions to China’s multifaceted development


Fulda, A. (2019). The emergence of citizen diplomacy in EU-China relations:principles, pillars, pioneers, paradoxes. Diplomacy and Statecraft, 30(1), 188-216.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 28, 2018
Online Publication Date Feb 27, 2019
Publication Date Feb 27, 2019
Deposit Date Jul 11, 2018
Publicly Available Date Aug 28, 2020
Journal Diplomacy and Statecraft
Print ISSN 0959-2296
Electronic ISSN 1557-301X
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 30
Issue 1
Pages 188-216
Keywords Political Science and International Relations; Sociology and Political Science; History
Public URL
Publisher URL
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information Peer Review Statement: The publishing and review policy for this title is described in its Aims & Scope.; Aim & Scope: http://www.tandfonline....ope&journalCode=fdps20; Published: 2019-02-27


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