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Selective binding of facial features reveals dynamic expression fragments

Harrison, Charlotte; Binetti, Nicola; Mareschal, Isabelle; Johnston, Alan


Charlotte Harrison

Nicola Binetti

Isabelle Mareschal


The temporal correspondence between two arbitrarily chosen pairs of alternating features can generally be reported for rates up to 3–4 Hz. This limit is however surpassed for specialised visual mechanisms that encode conjunctions of features. Here we show that this 3–4 Hz limit is exceeded for eye gaze and eyebrow pairing, but not for eye gaze and mouth pairing, suggesting combined eye and eyebrow motion constitutes a dynamic expression fragment; a building block of superordinate facial actions.


Harrison, C., Binetti, N., Mareschal, I., & Johnston, A. (2018). Selective binding of facial features reveals dynamic expression fragments. Scientific Reports, 8(1),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 18, 2018
Publication Date Jun 13, 2018
Deposit Date Jul 20, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jul 20, 2018
Journal Scientific Reports
Print ISSN 2045-2322
Electronic ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 8
Issue 1
Article Number 9031
Public URL
Publisher URL
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address:


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