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Magnon-assisted tunnelling in van der Waals heterostructures based on CrBr3

Ghazaryan, D.; Greenaway, M.T.; Wang, Z.; Guarochico-Moreira, V.H.; Vera-Marun, I.J.; Yin, J.; Liao, Y.; Morozov, S.V.; Kristanovski, O.; Lichtenstein, A.I.; Katsnelson, M.I.; Withers, F.; Mishchenko, A.; Eaves, Laurence; Geim, A.K.; Novoselov, K.S.; Misra, A.


D. Ghazaryan

M.T. Greenaway

Z. Wang

V.H. Guarochico-Moreira

I.J. Vera-Marun

J. Yin

Y. Liao

S.V. Morozov

O. Kristanovski

A.I. Lichtenstein

M.I. Katsnelson

F. Withers

A. Mishchenko

A.K. Geim

K.S. Novoselov

A. Misra


Van der Waals heterostructures, which are composed of layered two-dimensional materials, offer a platform to investigate a diverse range of physical phenomena and could be of use in a variety of applications. Heterostructures containing two-dimensional ferromagnets, such as chromium triiodide (CrI3), have recently been reported, which could allow two-dimensional spintronic devices to be developed. Here we study tunnelling through thin ferromagnetic chromium tribromide (CrBr3) barriers that are sandwiched between graphene electrodes. In devices with non-magnetic barriers, conservation of momentum can be relaxed by phonon-assisted tunnelling or by tunnelling through localized states. In contrast, in the devices with ferromagnetic barriers, the major tunnelling mechanisms are the emission of magnons at low temperatures and the scattering of electrons on localized magnetic excitations at temperatures above the Curie temperature. Magnetoresistance in the graphene electrodes further suggests induced spin–orbit coupling and proximity exchange via the ferromagnetic barrier. Tunnelling with magnon emission offers the possibility of spin injection.


Ghazaryan, D., Greenaway, M., Wang, Z., Guarochico-Moreira, V., Vera-Marun, I., Yin, J., …Misra, A. (2018). Magnon-assisted tunnelling in van der Waals heterostructures based on CrBr3. Nature Electronics, 1(6),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 15, 2018
Publication Date Jun 13, 2018
Deposit Date Jun 18, 2018
Publicly Available Date Dec 14, 2018
Journal Nature Electronics
Electronic ISSN 2520-1131
Publisher Nature Research
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 1
Issue 6
Keywords Electronic devices; Electronic properties and materials; Ferromagnetism; Graphene; Magnetic properties and materials
Public URL
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