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Collecting evidence from distributed sources to evaluate railway suicide and trespass prevention measures


Veli-Pekka Kallberg


Grigore M.

Anne Silla

Karoline Lukaschek

Jean-Marie Burkhardt

Jean-Luc Bruyelle

El-Miloudi El-Koursih

Eric Beurskens

Maria Hedqvist


It can be difficult to select from available safety preventative measures, especially where there is limited evidence of effectiveness in different contexts. This paper describes application of a method to identify and evaluate wide-ranging preventative measures for rail suicide and trespass fatalities. Evidence from literature and industry sources was collated and reviewed in a two stage process to achieve consensus among experts on the likely effects of the measures and factors influencing their implementation. Multiple evaluation criteria were used to examine the measures from different perspectives. Fencing, awareness campaigns and different types of organisational initiatives were recommended for further testing. This is the first time evidence has been collected internationally across such a range of preventative measures. Commentary is provided on using this type of approach to select safety measures from a pool of prevention options, including how re-framing the scope of the exercise could identify alternative options for prevention.
Practitioner summary: The findings give insight to how different measures work in different ways and how industry can consider this in strategic initiatives. The method could be used in future studies with different frames of reference (e.g. different timescales, level of ambition and safety context e.g. railway crossings or highway fatalities).


Ryan, B., Kallberg, V., Rådbo, H., Havârneanu, G. M., Silla, A., Lukaschek, K., …Hedqvist, M. (2018). Collecting evidence from distributed sources to evaluate railway suicide and trespass prevention measures. Ergonomics, 61(11), 1433-1453.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 29, 2018
Online Publication Date Jun 8, 2018
Publication Date Jun 8, 2018
Deposit Date Jun 1, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jun 9, 2019
Journal Ergonomics
Print ISSN 0014-0139
Electronic ISSN 1366-5847
Publisher Taylor & Francis Open
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 61
Issue 11
Pages 1433-1453
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Ergonomics on 8 June 2018, available online:


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