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Democratization and women’s representation in presidential cabinets: evidence from East and Southeast Asia

Lee, Don S.; Park, Soonae

Authors

DR DON LEE DON.LEE@NOTTINGHAM.AC.UK
Senior Research Fellow

Soonae Park



Abstract

This article examines patterns of women’s cabinet representation across all presidential democracies in East and Southeast Asia since democratization. It demonstrates how the choice of female ministers differs across career backgrounds in presidential systems and further examines why young presidential systems in Asia are conducive to women’s access to ministerial power through professional career tracks. We argue that despite women’s successful performance in national legislative elections, women have been restricted to access the power resources necessary to target other political goals, such as cabinet positions, whereas democratic transition has provided broader avenues for women to emerge as professionals outside party politics. By analyzing original data on female ministers in East and Southeast Asia, the study finds that the share of women among professional ministers has increased over time, but women’s share among political ministers has not changed significantly. Additionally, the different qualifications of female politicians and professionals also make them eligible for appointment to different types of policy areas in terms of prestige and gender. Our analysis suggests that women’s cabinet representation has improved overall since democratic transition in Asia, but this improvement disguises contrasting outcomes in women’s cabinet status according to their career backgrounds.

Citation

Lee, D. S., & Park, S. (in press). Democratization and women’s representation in presidential cabinets: evidence from East and Southeast Asia. Asian Journal of Political Science, 26(2), https://doi.org/10.1080/02185377.2018.1476257

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 16, 2018
Online Publication Date May 19, 2018
Deposit Date Jun 13, 2018
Publicly Available Date Nov 20, 2019
Journal Asian Journal of Political Science
Print ISSN 0218-5377
Electronic ISSN 0218-5377
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 26
Issue 2
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/02185377.2018.1476257
Keywords Representation, Presidential Systems, Cabinet Appointments, East and Southeast Asia, Gender, Democratization
Public URL http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/52381
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02185377.2018.1476257
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Asian Journal of Political Science on 19/05/2018, available online: http://www.tandfonline....0/02185377.2018.1476257

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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