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Cortical excitability correlates with the event-related desynchronization during brain-computer interface control

Daly, Ian; Blanchard, Caroline C.V.; Holmes, Nicholas P.

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Authors

Ian Daly

Caroline C.V. Blanchard

Nicholas P. Holmes



Abstract

Objective: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) based on motor control have been suggested as tools for stroke rehabilitation. Some initial successes have been achieved with this approach, however the mechanism by which they work is not yet fully understand. One possible part of this mechanism is a, previously suggested, relationship between the strength of the event-related desynchronization (ERD), a neural correlate of motor imagination and execution, and corticospinal excitability. Additionally, a key component of BCIs used in neurorehabilitation is the provision of visual feedback to positively reinforce attempts at motor control. However, the ability of visual feedback of the ERD to modulate the activity in the motor system has not been fully explored.
Approach: We investigate these relationships via transcranial magnetic stimulation delivered at different moments in the ongoing ERD related to hand contraction and relaxation during BCI control of a visual feedback bar.
Main results: We identify a significant relationship between ERD strength and corticospinal excitability, and find that visual feedback does not affect corticospinal excitability.
Significance: Our results imply that efforts to promote function recovery in stroke by targeting increases in corticospinal excitability may be aided by accounting for the time course of the ERD

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 22, 2017
Online Publication Date Feb 14, 2018
Deposit Date Nov 14, 2017
Publicly Available Date Feb 14, 2018
Journal Journal of Neural Engineering
Print ISSN 1741-2560
Electronic ISSN 1741-2552
Publisher IOP Publishing
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 2
DOI https://doi.org/10.1088/1741-2552/aa9c8c
Keywords brain state dependent brain stimulation, EEG, BCI, TMS, ERD,
neurorehabilitation, motor evoked potentials
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/911477
Publisher URL http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1741-2552/aa9c8c/meta
Related Public URLs http://iopscience.iop.org/journal/1741-2552

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