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Exploring structure and function of sensory cortex with 7 T MRI

Schluppeck, Denis; Sánchez-Panchuelo, Rosa-Maria; Francis, Susan T.

Authors

Denis Schluppeck lpzds1@exmail.nottingham.ac.uk

Rosa-Maria Sánchez-Panchuelo rosa.panchuelo@nottingham.ac.uk

Susan T. Francis susan.francis@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

In this paper, we present an overview of 7 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of the detailed function and anatomy of sensory areas of the human brain. We discuss the motivation for the studies, with particular emphasis on increasing the spatial resolution of functional MRI (fMRI) using reduced field-of-view (FOV) data acquisitions. MRI at ultra-high-field (UHF) – defined here as 7 T and above – has several advantages over lower field strengths. The intrinsic signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of images is higher at UHF, and coupled with the increased blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal change, this results in increased BOLD contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), which can be exploited to improve spatial resolution or detect weaker signals. Additionally, the BOLD signal from the intra-vascular (IV) compartment is relatively diminished compared to lower field strengths. Together, these properties make 7 T functional MRI an attractive proposition for high spatial specificity measures. But with the advantages come some challenges. For example, increased vulnerability to susceptibility-induced geometric distortions and signal loss in EPI acquisitions tend to be much larger. Some of these technical issues can be addressed with currently available tools and will be discussed. We highlight the key methodological considerations for high resolution functional and structural imaging at 7 T. We then present recent data using the high spatial resolution available at UHF in studies of the visual and somatosensory cortex to highlight promising developments in this area.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Jan 1, 2018
Journal NeuroImage
Print ISSN 1053-8119
Electronic ISSN 1095-9572
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 164
APA6 Citation Schluppeck, D., Sánchez-Panchuelo, R., & Francis, S. T. (2018). Exploring structure and function of sensory cortex with 7 T MRI. NeuroImage, 164, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.01.081
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.01.081
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053811917301039
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0





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