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The mean star formation rates of unobscured QSOs: searching for evidence of suppressed or enhanced star formation

Stanley, F.; Alexander, D. M.; Harrison, C. M.; Rosario, D. J.; Wang, L.; Aird, J. A.; Bourne, N.; Dunne, L.; Dye, S.; Eales, S.; Knudsen, K. K.; Micha?owski, M. J.; Valiante, E.; De Zotti, G.; Furlanetto, C.; Ivison, R.; Maddox, S.; Smith, M. W. L.


F. Stanley

D. M. Alexander

C. M. Harrison

D. J. Rosario

L. Wang

J. A. Aird

N. Bourne

L. Dunne

Associate Professor

S. Eales

K. K. Knudsen

M. J. Micha?owski

E. Valiante

G. De Zotti

C. Furlanetto

R. Ivison

S. Maddox

M. W. L. Smith


© 2017 The Authors. We investigate the mean star formation rates (SFRs) in the host galaxies of ~3000 optically selected quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey within the Herschel- ATLAS fields, and a radio-luminous subsample covering the redshift range of z = 0.2-2.5. Using Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and Herschel photometry (12-500 μm) we construct composite spectral energy distributions (SEDs) in bins of redshift and active galactic nucleus (AGN) luminosity. We perform SED fitting to measure the mean infrared luminosity due to star formation, removing the contamination from AGN emission. We find that the mean SFRs show a weak positive trend with increasing AGN luminosity. However, we demonstrate that the observed trend could be due to an increase in black hole (BH) mass (and a consequent increase of inferred stellar mass) with increasing AGN luminosity. We compare to a sample of X-ray selected AGN and find that the two populations have consistent mean SFRs when matched in AGN luminosity and redshift. On the basis of the available virial BH masses, and the evolving BH mass to stellar mass relationship, we find that the mean SFRs of our QSO sample are consistent with those of main sequence star-forming galaxies. Similarly the radio-luminous QSOs have mean SFRs that are consistent with both the overall QSO sample and with star-forming galaxies on the main sequence. In conclusion, on average QSOs reside on the main sequence of star-forming galaxies, and the observed positive trend between the mean SFRs and AGN luminosity can be attributed to BH mass and redshift dependencies.


Stanley, F., Alexander, D. M., Harrison, C. M., Rosario, D. J., Wang, L., Aird, J. A., …Smith, M. W. L. (2017). The mean star formation rates of unobscured QSOs: searching for evidence of suppressed or enhanced star formation. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 472(2), 2221-2240.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 14, 2017
Online Publication Date Aug 17, 2017
Publication Date 2017-12
Deposit Date Dec 20, 2017
Publicly Available Date Dec 20, 2017
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Electronic ISSN 1365-2966
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 472
Issue 2
Pages 2221-2240
Keywords galaxies: active, galaxies: evolution, quasars: general, galaxies: star formation
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This article has been accepted for publication in © 2017 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


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