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A novel D2O tracer method to quantify RNA turnover as a biomarker of de novo ribosomal biogenesis, in vitro, in animal models, and in human skeletal muscle

Brook, Matthew S.; Wilkinson, D.J.; Mitchell, W. Kyle; Lund, Jonathan N.; Phillips, Bethan E.; Szewczyk, Nathaniel J.; Kainulainen, H.; Lensu, S.; Koch, L.G.; Britton, S.L.; Greenhaff, Paul L.; Smith, K.; Atherton, Philip J.

Authors

Matthew S. Brook

D.J. Wilkinson

W. Kyle Mitchell

Jonathan N. Lund

Bethan E. Phillips

Nathaniel J. Szewczyk

H. Kainulainen

S. Lensu

L.G. Koch

S.L. Britton

Paul L. Greenhaff paul.greenhaff@nottingham.ac.uk

K. Smith

Philip J. Atherton



Abstract

Current methods to quantify in vivo RNA dynamics are limited. Here, we developed a novel stable isotope (D2O) methodology to quantify RNA synthesis (i.e., ribosomal biogenesis) in cells, animal models, and humans. First, proliferating C2C12 cells were incubated in D2O-enriched media and myotubes ±50 ng/ml IGF-I. Second, rat quadriceps (untrained, n = 9; 7-wk interval-“like” training, n = 13) were collected after ~3-wk D2O (70 atom %) administration, with body-water enrichment monitored via blood sampling. Finally, 10 (23 ± 1 yr) men consumed 150-ml D2O followed by 50 ml/wk and undertook 6-wk resistance exercise (6 × 8 repetitions, 75% 1-repetition maximum 3/wk) with body-water enrichment monitored by saliva sampling and muscle biopsies (for determination of RNA synthesis) at 0, 3, and 6 wk. Ribose mole percent excess (r-MPE) from purine nucleotides was analyzed via GC-MS/MS. Proliferating C2C12 cell r-MPE exhibited a rise to plateau, whereas IGF-I increased myotube RNA from 76 ± 3 to 123 ± 3 ng/μl and r-MPE by 0.39 ± 0.1% (both P < 0.01). After 3 wk, rat quadriceps r-MPE had increased to 0.25 ± 0.01% (P < 0.01) and was greater with running exercise (0.36 ± 0.02%; P < 0.01). Human muscle r-MPE increased to 0.06 ± 0.01 and 0.13 ± 0.02% at 3/6 wk, respectively, equating to synthesis rates of ~0.8%/day, increasing with resistance exercise to 1.7 ± 0.3%/day (P < 0.01) and 1.2 ± 0.1%/day (P < 0.05) at 3/6 wk, respectively. Therefore, we have developed and physiologically validated a novel technique to explore ribosomal biogenesis in a multimodal fashion.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 1, 2017
Journal AJP: Endocrinology and Metabolism
Print ISSN 0193-1849
Electronic ISSN 1522-1555
Publisher American Physiological Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 313
Issue 6
Article Number E681-E689
APA6 Citation Brook, M. S., Wilkinson, D., Mitchell, W. K., Lund, J. N., Phillips, B. E., Szewczyk, N. J., …Atherton, P. J. (2017). A novel D2O tracer method to quantify RNA turnover as a biomarker of de novo ribosomal biogenesis, in vitro, in animal models, and in human skeletal muscle. AJP - Endocrinology and Metabolism, 313(6), doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00157.2017
DOI https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00157.2017
Keywords Ribosomal biogenesis; D2O; RNA synthesis; Muscle
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00157.2017
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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