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A feeling for what's best: landscape aesthetics and notions of appropriate residential architecture in Dartmoor National Park, England

Tatum, Kirsten; Porter, Nicole; Hale, Jonathan

Authors

Kirsten Tatum

Nicole Porter



Abstract

In England's national parks, the design of new dwellings represents a significant and contested part of landscape planning, inseparable from park conservation ideologies and policies. Within public discourse, new housing proposals can be praised for enhancing the landscape or decried for destroying it, while the decisions of planning authorities legitimise or marginalise different points-of-view. Set in Dartmoor National Park, this paper explores the competing aesthetic interpretations of landscape and the rural as represented within the design and planning of two separate residential sites that were redeveloped between 1998 and 2008. Discourse analysis of interviews (with architects, planners and clients), policies, and written accounts (planning applications and associated correspondence) investigates the positions of various stakeholders in response to these housing projects and to their protected rural landscape settings. Results reveal how notions of landscape context and aesthetics vary across different stakeholder groups, with design quality, sympathetic scale and landscape enhancement proving to be key areas of contention. Differing interpretations of national park planning policy, the problematic nature of communicating and judging qualitative aspects of ‘contemporary’ architecture, and the ongoing emphasis on visual aspects of landscape aesthetics mean that incorporating new housing design within national park landscapes remains challenging.

Citation

Tatum, K., Porter, N., & Hale, J. (2017). A feeling for what's best: landscape aesthetics and notions of appropriate residential architecture in Dartmoor National Park, England. Journal of Rural Studies, 56, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.09.013

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 22, 2017
Online Publication Date Oct 10, 2017
Publication Date Nov 30, 2017
Deposit Date Oct 13, 2017
Publicly Available Date Apr 11, 2019
Journal Journal of Rural Studies
Print ISSN 0743-0167
Electronic ISSN 0743-0167
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 56
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.09.013
Keywords National parks; Planning; Housing; Architecture; Landscape aesthetics
Public URL https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/897485
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0743016717309749

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