Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Spatial scale influences how people value and perceive green open space

Ives, Christopher D.; Gordon, Ascelin; Oke, Cathy; Raymond, Christopher M.; Hehir, Ailish; Bekessy, Sarah A.

Spatial scale influences how people value and perceive green open space Thumbnail


Associate Professor

Ascelin Gordon

Cathy Oke

Christopher M. Raymond

Ailish Hehir

Sarah A. Bekessy


It is important for landscape planners and managers to understand how urban residents value and interact with green open spaces. However, the effect of spatial scale on values and perceptions of green open spaces has to date received little attention. This study explored the influence of spatial scale using Public Participation GIS (PPGIS) methods in the Lower Hunter region of Australia. By asking respondents to assign markers denoting various values and preferences to green spaces displayed on maps of their suburb and municipality, the influence of scale could be assessed experimentally. A greater abundance and diversity of value markers were consistently assigned at the suburb scale, yet this pattern was more pronounced for some values (e.g. physical activity) than others (e.g. nature, cultural significance). The strength of this relationship was related to socio-demographic variables such as education and income. These results have implications for understanding human-environment relationships and the use of PPGIS techniques to inform environmental planning.


Ives, C. D., Gordon, A., Oke, C., Raymond, C. M., Hehir, A., & Bekessy, S. A. (2018). Spatial scale influences how people value and perceive green open space. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 61(12), 2133-2150.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 13, 2017
Online Publication Date Nov 8, 2017
Publication Date 2018
Deposit Date Oct 3, 2017
Publicly Available Date Nov 9, 2018
Journal Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Print ISSN 0964-0568
Electronic ISSN 1360-0559
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 61
Issue 12
Pages 2133-2150
Keywords Green open space; landscape values; human-nature relationships; Public Participation GIS; Spatial Scale
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Environmental Planning and Management on 8 November 2017, available online:


You might also like

Downloadable Citations