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Abiotic environmental variation drives virulence evolution in a fish host-parasite geographic mosaic

Mahmud, Muayad A.; Bradley, Janette E.; MacColl, Andrew D.C.

Authors

Muayad A. Mahmud

Janette E. Bradley

Andrew D.C. MacColl



Abstract

1. Parasite virulence varies greatly. Theory predicts that this arises from parasites optimising a trade-off between the mortality they inflict on current hosts, and their transmission to future hosts. The effect of the environment on this coevolution is rarely considered.
2. Geographic mosaics are fertile systems for studying coevolution, but again, the diversity of outcomes is often assumed to result from co-evolutionary dynamism, rather than being moulded by the environment.
3. Here we quantify variation in virulence among lakes in a geographic mosaic of coevolution between a trematode ectoparasite (Gyrodactylus arcuatus) and its three-spined stickleback(Gasterosteus aculeatus) host.
4. Virulence varies greatly in this system, and parasites are generally locally adapted to their hosts.
5. Parasites are also locally adapted to the water in their own lake, and virulence is strongly related to lake pH, the dominant axis of abiotic environmental variation in this system.
6. These results suggest that the evolution of virulence can be substantially affected by the abiotic environment, which has important implications for understanding coevolution. There are also implications for the evolutionary management of disease e.g. ectoparasites in aquaculture, the impacts of which might be expected to reduce given ongoing acidification of aquatic ecosystems.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Nov 1, 2017
Journal Functional Ecology
Print ISSN 0269-8463
Electronic ISSN 1365-2435
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 11
APA6 Citation Mahmud, M. A., Bradley, J. E., & MacColl, A. D. (2017). Abiotic environmental variation drives virulence evolution in a fish host-parasite geographic mosaic. Functional Ecology, 31(11), doi:10.1111/1365-2435.12921
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12921
Keywords Co-evolution; Disease; Gasterosteus aculeatus; Gyrodactylus; Local adaptation; Three-spined stickleback; Trematode
Publisher URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2435.12921/full
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Mahmud MA, Bradley JE, MacColl ADC. Abiotic environmental variation drives virulence evolution in a fish host–parasite geographic mosaic. Funct Ecol. 2017;31:2138–2146. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.12921 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wi...11/1365-2435.12921/full This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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