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Bush the transnationalist: a reappraisal of the unilateralist impulse in US foreign policy, 2001-2009

Ryan, Maria

Authors

Maria Ryan maria.ryan@nottingham.ac.uk



Abstract

This article challenges the common characterisation of George W. Bush’s foreign policy as “unilateral.” It argues that the Bush administration developed a new post-9/11 understanding of terrorism as a transnational, networked phenomenon shaped by the forces of globalisation. This led to a new strategic emphasis on bi- and multilateral security co-operation and counterterrorism operations, especially outside of Afghanistan and Iraq, driven by the perceived need to counter a transnational security challenge present in multiple locations. This (flawed) attempt to engage with transnational security challenges supplemented the existing internationalist pillar of the Bush administration’s foreign policy. Highlighting the transnational realm of international relations and the ways in which the Bush administration was able to co-opt other states to tackle perceived transnational challenges also shows the high importance the administration attached to concerted action even as it frequented eschewed institutional multilateralism.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 30, 2017
Journal International Politics
Print ISSN 1384-5748
Electronic ISSN 1740-3898
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 54
Issue 5
APA6 Citation Ryan, M. (2017). Bush the transnationalist: a reappraisal of the unilateralist impulse in US foreign policy, 2001-2009. International Politics, 54(5), doi:10.1057/s41311-017-0054-8
DOI https://doi.org/10.1057/s41311-017-0054-8
Keywords Bush, transnationalism, strategy, multilateralism, bilateralism, security co-operation
Publisher URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057%2Fs41311-017-0054-8
Copyright Statement Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingh.../end_user_agreement.pdf
Additional Information This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in International Politics. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Ryan, M. Int Polit (2017) 54: 561. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41311-017-0054-8 is available online at: https://link.springer.c...057%2Fs41311-017-0054-8

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Copyright Statement
Copyright information regarding this work can be found at the following address: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/end_user_agreement.pdf





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